Down Vests and Jackets

Own is a natural fiber found on waterfowl such as ducks and geese. These birds have a layer of fluffy feathers known as down underneath their regular feathers that traps air and helps the animal keep warm, even in icy water. Plucked off the bird and sewn between layers of fabric, down becomes an excellent insulation in human clothing, mattresses, and sleeping bags. Many people have recognized and used the insulating quality of down. Even before the arrival of explorer Christopher Columbus...

Pantsuit

Feminist Movement

Before the late 1960s women only wore pants while working in the garden or around the house, engaging in such female-approved sports as bowling, or traveling to the beach. In most any business, school, or formal public or social setting women were expected to wear skirts or dresses. As feminism, the social movement to gain full and equal rights for women, grew more powerful in the 1960s and women increased their presence in the workplace, the notion that females and skirts were synonymous was...

Body Decorations 194660

African American Women 1919

W roper accessories, makeup, and undergarments were an extremely important part ofwomen's fashion in the late 1940s through the 1950s. The major fashion trends of the late 1940s, inspired by the New Look fashions of designer Christian Dior (1905-1957), called for a carefully assembled outfit that included such accessories as white gloves and umbrellas to accompany carefully chosen shoes, hat, and dress. The New Look called for tasteful but understated jewelry. One of the most important...

Pantyhose

Women wearing pantsuits, like the one here, were sometimes banned from restaurants that resisted the feminist movement and saw pants as too masculine. Reproduced by permission of AP Wide World Photos. People have worn some sort of stockings or socks for centuries, the style varying somewhat as fashions and technology changed and developed. In the 1800s women usually wore cotton stockings, which were covered by their long skirts, but by the 1920s hemlines had risen, and sheer silk stockings...

Liii Clothing Or Apparel Or Sportswear Or Underwear Or Dress Or Fabric

Europeans during the Age of Exploration that began in the fifteenth century. Volumes 3 through 5 offer chronological coverage of the development of costume and fashion in the West. Volume 3 features the costume traditions of the developing European nation-states in the fifteenth through the nineteenth centuries, and looks at the importance of the royal courts in introducing clothing styles and the shift from home-based garmentmaking to shop-based and then factory-based industry. Volumes 4 and 5...

America Forges Ahead 19802003

San Fransico Clothes And Culture

Listorians have yet to come up with good labels for the 1980s and 1990s. The 1980s have been called the Decade of Greed because of the aggressive business growth of the time, and the 1990s have been labeled the New Economy or the Internet Age, recognizing the extraordinary influence of high-tech industries. These labels focus attention on the economic changes of the time, yet they may not fully recognize the extent to which the United States dominated Western culture. In world politics,...

In What Culture Is Long Hair On Men Acceptable

Greek Men With Long Hair

Perhaps no modern fashion trend has been as controversial as that of men growing their hair long. Beginning with the beatniks and hippies names given to those who rejected the established customs of society in the 1950s and 1960s and spreading quickly throughout society, long hair on men represented a rebellion against the clean-cut image that had prevailed during previous decades. Hippies often wore their hair down to their shoulders and longer as a sign of protest against American involvement...

Revised

C. 476 Upper-class men, and sometimes women, in the Byzantine Empire 476-1453 C.E. wear a long, flowing robe-like overgarment called a dalmatica developed from the tunic. c. 900 Young Chinese girls tightly bind their feet to keep them small, a sign of beauty for a time in Chinese culture. The practice was outlawed in 1911. c. 1100-1500 The cote, a long robe worn by both men and women, and its descendant, the cotehardie, are among the most common garments of the late Middle Ages. 1392 Kimonos...

Mood Rings

1970s Fashion Fads

The mood ring was one of the biggest fashion fads of the 1970s. Marketed as an accessory for the Me Decade, a time when people began to actively explore their feelings, the color-changing jewelry first became popular in New York City and quickly spread throughout the United States. Each mood ring contained a temperature-sensitive liquid crystal encased in quartz. As the body temperature of the wearer changed, the crystals changed colors. Each color the ring displayed supposedly corresponded to...

Puka Chokers

Puka Shell Craze Elizabeth Taylor

Strings of white puka shell beads emerged as a teen fashion trend in the early 1970s. Puka shells are the leftover parts from the shell of the cone snail found on beaches in Hawaii. The empty conical shells, closed at the larger end, are swept back into the surf. In Strings of puka shells being sold as souvenirs in Hawaii. Traditional garb for Hawaiians, the shells were worn by surfers in the 1960s and fashion trendsetters in the 1970s. Reproduced by permission of Tim Thompson CORBIS. the waves...

Post World War II 194660

Post World War Society Usa Families

He world woke up from a six-year-long nightmare in the summer of 1945. World War II 1939-45 , which had pitted the Allied forces of the United States, Britain, France, Russia, Canada, Australia, and other nations against the Axis forces of Germany, Japan, Italy, Austria, and others, finally ended, but the effects of the war lingered on for years afterward. The economies of Europe and Japan were in ruins, and people around the world struggled to recover from the deadliest war in human history....

Headwear 194660

Johnny Unitas Haircut

The late 1940s and 1950s were a time in fashion history when many people were concerned with dressing just right, and the way they styled their hair and chose their hats was no exception. As with other areas of fashion, hat styles had been simplified during World War II 1939-45 in order to conserve precious materials that were needed for the war effort. French designer Christian Dior's 1905-1957 New Look, introduced in 1947, called for a range of accessories. Dior's New Look outfits and the...

Clothing 194660

1950s Fashion For Teenage Girls

During World War II 1939-45 fashion had taken a backseat to the war effort, and dress designers had been severely limited in what they could make as governments placed severe restrictions on the kinds and amounts of cloth designers could use. In the fifteen years that followed the end of the war, fashions in the West went through a series of sweeping changes. Women's fashions reached levels of richness and luxury that had not been seen since the turn of the previous century. In addition,...

1970 Afro American Fashion And Hairstyles

Culture Clothing

The hairstyle of choice among African Americans from the mid-1960s through the 1970s was the Afro. The Afro featured African Americans' naturally curly hair trimmed in a full, evenly round shape around the head. During the fight for equal rights for blacks during the 1960s, as many blacks joined together to apply political pressure on the American government, they also developed their own fashion statements, which included the Afro. For many, the Afro, also known as the brush or the natural,...

Gambar Punk Piercingan

Poland Culture Clothing

W eople adorned their bodies in widely varying ways in the 1960s and 1970s. The popularity of modern styles at the beginning of the 1960s brought huge plastic flower ornaments, heavy makeup, especially around the eyes, and false eyelashes for women. Men accepted jewelry as part of their wardrobe, starting with the love beads hung around their necks in the 1960s and ending the period with multiple chains of gold adorning their necks and chests, bracelets around their wrists, and rings on their...

Headwear 19802003

Christie Brinkley Leotards

The early 1980s brought a return of interest in high fashion after the comfort trend of the 1970s, which saw many people rejecting designer clothing. Fashion designers became celebrities by marketing collections of ready-to-wear off-the-rack clothing, cosmetics, and accessories to the huge middle class. Hairstylists became similarly celebrated, creating looks for film stars and television actors and then marketing hair care products for the general public. The wealthy also continued to...

Doc Martens

Martens Air Wair is the brand name of many different styles of shoes, many people only mean one thing when they speak of Doc Martens thick soled, black leather work boots that have been favored by rebellious youth internationally since the 1960s. First produced as a corrective shoe for people with foot problems, and later marketed as a work boot for people whose jobs kept them on their feet all day, tough-looking Doc Martens have been the boot of choice for many different youth...

Old Kingdom 2705-2155 Bc History

Naismith, James, 4 714 Namath, Joe, 5 924 Napoleonic Era, 3 562 National Standard Dress, 4 661 Native Americans, 2 351-87 body decorations, 2 377-84, 377 ill. , 380 ill. , 383 ill. 363 ill. , 364 ill. culture, 2 351-55, 354 ill. footwear, 2 385-87, 386 ill. headwear, 2 369-76, 370 ill. , 373 ill. , 374 ill. movement for, 5 909 settlers and, 2 331 Nature, 2 357, 358 Navajos, 2 378, 379, 380 ill. , 387 Nazis, 4 783, 788-89, 789 ill. Ndebeles, 2 409 ill. Neanderthal man, 1 1-2, 11 Necklaces. See...

For More Information

Baby Corduroy Fabric

Fashions of a Decade The 1960s. New York Facts on File, 1990. Powe-Temperley, Kitty. 20th Century Fashions The 60s. Milwaukee, WI Gareth Stevens Publishing, 1999. A model wearing a hip-hugging corduroy skirt at a 1966 fashion show. First popular during the 1700s, corduroy was again trendy during the 1960s and 1970s. Reproduced of AP Wide World Photos. gt ometimes called the poor man's velvet, corduroy is a soft, durable fabric that has been popular among people of all classes...

Clothing 19802003

Kurt Cobain Clothing Style

The years between 1980 and 2003 present all the complexities of modern costume. These decades saw a rise and fall in the status of high-profile clothing designers and their extravagant clothes the sudden popularity of certain clothing items, often associated with youth-driven music trends the impact of new technologies the influence of celebrities on fashion all set against a general trend to favor comfortable, casual clothes. These trends were a continuation of the trends that had...

Tie Dye

1960 Hippies Tie Dye

Worn by legions of hippies, tie-dye is perhaps the most enduring symbol of the 1960s. Reproduced by permission of Royalty-Free CORBIS. Worn by legions of hippies, tie-dye is perhaps the most enduring symbol of the 1960s. Reproduced by permission of Royalty-Free CORBIS. Tie-dyeing was especially popular with American youth who opposed the Vietnam War 1954 75 , a controversial war in which the United States aided South Vietnam in its fight against a takeover by Communist North Vietnam. During the...

Bell Bottoms

Bell -bottoms, pants with legs that become wider below the knee, were an extremely popular fashion during the 1960s and 1970s. The belled or flared legs on bell-bottom pants were originally a functional design, worn by those who worked on boats since the seventeenth century. The large legs allowed the pants to be easily rolled up out of the way for such messy jobs as washing the decks. In addition, if a sailor fell overboard, bell-bottom pants could be pulled off over boots or shoes and the...

Footwear 194660

Reproduction 1950s Clothing

Men s shoes did not go through a great deal of change in the fifteen years following the end of World War II 1939 45 . During the late 1940s, while Bold Look, or showy, fashions were in style, there was a brief preference for thicker-soled, heavier shoes to accompany the bolder cuts and colors in men's suits. By the 1950s, however, as suit styles became more conservative, men turned to lighter soled, traditionally cut dress shoe styles such as moccasins, wing tips, or bluchers, heavy,...

Footwear 19802003

Cowboy Boots And Guys Business Suits

The emphasis on business attire that went along with the 1980s trend for power dressing, or dressing for business success, triggered a surge in the fashion for stiff, formal shoes. Men wore shiny leather wing tips, oxfords, and other styles, and women wore pumps to work. Some of these dressy styles were uncomfortable, and people soon embraced new styles of shoes that were comfortable as well as fashionable. Before the 1980s comfortable formal shoes were often only available in styles suited to...

Halter Tops

Genevieve Naylor

The halter top, on the model at right, was based on the neckline of some Asian clothing. Reproduced by permission of Genevieve Naylor CORBIS. The halter top, on the model at right, was based on the neckline of some Asian clothing. Reproduced by permission of Genevieve Naylor CORBIS. sleeveless triangular top that ties around the back and at the back of the neck, the halter top loosely covers the breasts and chest, while leaving bare the shoulders, upper back, and sometimes the midriff, the area...

Fringe

N ative American tribes of the Plains and elsewhere had long created garments with fringe, which served as a type of gutter that repelled rainwater from the wearer. Fringe was a border or edge of hanging threads, cords, or strips, and was often found on garments made from suede, leather, and buckskin. Fringe first became a decorative fashion embellishment in the 1920s as part of the flapper look, a popular dress style for women. Skirts suddenly rose above the knee for the first time in Western...

Earth Shoes

1960s Fashion Gogo

I n the late 1960s and early 1970s, young people began dressing less formally. Even footwear became more casual, as girls and women shunned high heels and boys and men avoided dress shoes even for formal occasions. Out of this desire for attire that was more comfortable came the advent of the earth shoe footwear, often made of soft tanned leather, which featured a heel that was positioned lower than the toes. This design was said to align the body so that the pelvis and shoulders naturally...

Gaucho Pants

Corbis Dior Dresses

Gaucho pants are wide-legged trousers for women with a cuff that ends around mid calf. Taking their name from pants once worn by South American cowboys, they were in style for a brief period in the early to mid-1970s. They were similar to the culotte short or skort, but gauchos were longer and meant to serve as a more formal, workplace-friendly alternative to skirts and slacks. French designer Yves Saint Laurent 1936 was born in Oran, Algeria, and, at age seventeen, settled in Paris, France....

Painters Pants

Blue collar or utilitarian chic is the name given to the fashion trend of work clothes becoming high fashion. Like blue jeans, painter's pants were discovered as a fashion item by those who never wore them for work. Originally designed to be worn by working painters, painter's pants have been sold by makers of work clothes such as Dickies, since at least the 1920s. Made of white canvas with heavily stitched seams, painter's pants are distinguished by their many pockets, some roomy enough to...

Jogging Suits

1980s Jogging Suit

When the sport of jogging became a national obsession in the 1970s, bringing with it a fascination with fitness, people were looking for appropriate attire for running along city streets and country lanes, or jogging in place at the gym. Baseball, football, basketball, and hockey players had uniforms that were designed for the specifics of their sport and runners were looking for the same. Casual street clothes such as jeans and a loosely-fitted shirt were impractical. The old T-shirt and...

Hot Pants

Hot pants are extremely short shorts that were designed to be worn as dressy clothing for women. Young people of the 1970s began to leave behind the ragged, patched-denim political style of the mid- to late 1960s. They gathered in nightclubs to dance to disco music and returned to the glamorous styles made popular in Great Britain in the early 1960s by youths known as mods. Many fashion experts see hot pants as a natural development of the rising miniskirt. Skirts became so short that they...

Miniskirt

Jackie Kennedy Jeans

He miniskirt was introduced in 1965 at the fashion show of French designer Andr Courreges 1923- . He felt that the design of women's clothes was not keeping up with the modern trends of the 1950s and 1960s and wanted to introduce a look that was modern, streamlined, and easy. His miniskirts were A-line skirts, narrow at the waist and wider at the hem, that ended four inches above the knee. The audience at Courreges's show greeted his new designs in shocked silence, but it would not be long...

Leisure Suits

Clothes From Saturday Night Fever

Leisure suits, which gained popularity among men during the 1970s, were casual suits consisting of matching jacket and trousers. They were made of polyester fabric, often in bright colors or earth tone plaids. The leisure suit jacket was distinctively During the 1970s rock music dance clubs became extremely popular. Young people, wearing polyester bell-bottoms and platform shoes, lined up outside popular clubs for a chance to enter dance floors lit with bright, pulsing lights and dance to...

Clothing 196179

1970s Garment

I n fashion, the 1960s and the 1970s were decades of repeated revolutionary change. The youth explosion and mod craze of the early 1960s were followed quickly by the hippie look of the late 1960s, the antifashion trends of the early 1970s, and the punk and disco styles of the mid- to late 1970s. By the late 1970s, people throughout the West seemed content to wear regular clothes once more. Taken together, these high profile fashion fads forever changed the way the fashion industry worked....

Hip Huggers

Women The 1970s

H ip huggers are tightly fitted pants whose waistline has been dropped below the natural waist of the wearer. Hip huggers usually have flared or bell-bottom legs, and the dropped waist can vary from hanging modestly just below the waist to a sitting several inches below the navel. Hip huggers often have no built-in waistband but are frequently worn with wide belts. First worn by the mods, British Hip huggers made their debut in the 1960s and were again popular in the early twenty-first century....

Catsuit

1960 Catsuit

The catsuit combined the leotard's functionality with futuristic style. Reproduced by permission of AP Wide World Photos. The catsuit combined the leotard's functionality with futuristic style. Reproduced by permission of AP Wide World Photos. ormfitting stretch body suits known as catsuits were the ultimate in slinky style and casual comfort for women during the 1960s. The all-in-one garment was typically either zipped or buttoned at the front, from the navel to the neck, and was often worn...

Peasant Look

1970s Peasant Look

During the late 1960s and early 1970s many young women rejected traditional fashion for more eccentric, original styles. One such style was the peasant look a type of clothing that was an off- shoot of the garments worn for centuries by the European lower classes. Peasant skirts and dresses were long and flowing. Skirts and blouses featured loose, off-the-shoulder necklines, split necklines styled to resemble tunics, or drawstrings that could be tied. The blouses were tucked in or not,...