THE BEGINNING OF HUMAN LIFE ■ Early humans wrap themselves in animal hides for warmth.

c. 10,000 b.c.e. ■ Tattooing is practiced on the Japanese islands, in the Jomon period (c. 10,000-300 b.c.e.). Similarly scarification, the art of carving designs into the skin, has been practiced since ancient times in Oceania and Africa to make a person's body more beautiful or signify a person's rank in society.

c. 3100 b.c.e. ■ Egyptians weave a plant called flax into a light cloth called linen and made dresses and loincloths from it.

c. 3100 b.c.e. ■ Egyptians shave their heads to keep themselves clean and cool in the desert heat, but covered their heads with wigs of various styles.

Humans populated most of the major landmasses on Earth

The first human settlements were developed in Mesopotamia

10,000 b.c.e.

7000 b.c.e.

■ lix c. 3100 b.c.e. ■ Egyptians perfume their bodies by coating their skin in fragrant oils and ointments.

c. 3000 b.c.e. ■ Men and women in the Middle East, Africa, and the Far East have wrapped turbans on their heads since ancient times, and the turban continues to be popular with both men and women in many modern cultures.

c. 2600 b.c.e. TO 900 c.e. ■ Ancient Mayans, whose civilization flourishes in Belize and on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, flatten the heads of the children of wealthy and powerful members of society. The children's heads are squeezed between two boards to elongate their skulls into a shape that looks very similar to an ear of corn.

c. 2500 b.c.e. ■ Indians wear a wrapped style of trousers called a dhoti and a skirt-like lower body covering called a lungi.

c. 2500 b.c.e. ■ Indian women begin to adorn themselves in the wrapped dress style called a sari.

c. 1500 b.c.e. ■ Egyptian men adopt the tunic as an upper body covering when Egypt conquers Syria.

c. 27 b.c.e.-476 c.e. ■ Roman soldiers, especially horsemen, adopt the trousers, or feminalia, of the nomadic tribes they encounter on the outskirts of the Roman Empire.

SIXTH AND FIFTH CENTURIES b.c.e. ■ The doric chiton becomes one of the most popular garments for both men and women in ancient Greece.

FIFTH CENTURY b.c.e. ■ The toga, a wrapped garment, is favored by Romans.

Sumerian civilization c. 3500 b.c.e.

Beginnings of c. 2680-2526 b.c.e.

Building of the Great Pyramids near Giza, Egypt c. 1792-1750 b.c.e.

Hammurabi creates empire of Babylonia

Julius Caesar becomes Roman dictator for life and is then assassinated

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