Armour And Weapons

James I. is stated to have remarked of armour, that it was an excellent invention, for it not only, saved the life of the wearer, but hindered him from doing hurt to any body else. The increasing use and improvements in fire-arms combined with other causes to bring it into disrepute; and before the close of this reign the armour of the heaviest cavalry terminated at the knees. Henry, Prince of Wales, appears only armed to the waist in the following engraving, copied from Drayton's Polyol-bion.

Amongst the cavalry, the intercourse with Spain changed the name of lancer into cavalierĀ« The

4 Ashmole's History of the Order.

Henry With Pike Poly Olbion
Henry, Prince of Wales, from Drayton's Polyolbion, 1613.

infantry consisted of pikemen and musketeers; and during this reign the caliver, a matchlock that could be fired without a rest, came greatly into use, and ultimately superseded the long fire-arm altogether. A military treatise, published in 1619, by Edward Davis, gentleman, tells us, that " a soldier must either accustom himself to bear a piece, or a

Caliver Matchlock

pike. If he bear a piece, then must he first learn to hold the same; to accommodate his match between the two foremost fingers and his thombe, and to plant the great end on his breast with a gallant souldier-like grace His flaske and touch*

box must keep his powder, his purse and mouth his bullets; in skirmish his left hand must hold his match and piece, and the right hand use the office of charging and discharging."

To the rest for the musket or match-lock was Med in James's time a long rapier blade, for the "vice of the soldier when he had discharged his "Jnet** It was called the sweyne's feather, " hog's bristle," and sometimes the Swedish feather, having been perhaps a Swedish invention. See one engraved above from the Meyrick collection, fig. c, with a morion and bourginot of the same period, figs. a. and b. The butt-end of the pistol in this reign became elongated. Vide fig. e.

In 1604 King James confirmed the order of Elizabeth respecting the scarlet dress of Commanders in the Royal navy; and the material was directed to be furnished at a specific price.

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