beions op edward v. and richard iii.,

It seems absurd at first sight to separate in a work of this description two years from the three or four and twenty preceding or following them, merely because two monarchs during that short period sat upon the throne of England ; but so great a change in costume followed the accession of Henry VII. that it would be perplexing to join these reigns to his, and there are sufficient variations in the dress of Richard III.'s time from that of his brother Edward's to warrant our allotting " the crooked back tyrant," as he has been unfairly called, a chapter to himself, his unfortunate nephew being only named pro formâ.

Of Richard III. there is no authentic representar tion existing. His monumental effigy, carved by order of Henry VII., was broken to pieces at the dissolution of the monasteries in the reign of Henry VIII., and the portrait on wood, in the Royal collection, and those which adorn the walls of the meeting-room of the Society of Antiquaries, are supposed to have been painted during the reign of Henry VII., whether from recollection, fancy, or from some portrait for which Richard had sat, and which is now lost or misled, no documents remain to satisfy us. They must therefore be considered equivocal testimony as to features, and in point of costume, being merely heads with caps on them, they are of little value to our present purpose. Of the

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