of Richard we have a detailed account in a book, to which is prefixed an indenture, witnessing " that Piers Courteys, the king's wardrober, hathe taken upon him to purvey by the 3d day of Juyell next coming the parcels ensying agaynst the coronation of our Sovereigne Lorde." We therein find that the day before his coronation he was to ride from the Tower to Westminster in a doublet and stomacher of blue cloth of gold, " wroght with netts and pyne apples,"1 a long gown of purple velvet furred with ermine, and a pair of short gilt spurs. On the day of the coronation he appears to have worn two complete sets of robes, one of crimson velvet embroidered with gold and furred with miniver pure, the other of purple velvet furred with ermine; his sabatons (shoes) covered with crimson tissue cloth of gold; his hose were of crimson satin, as were also the shirt, coat,
» This pattern is frequently seen in illuminations of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
surcoat, mantle, and hood in which he was anointed, previously to putting on the last symbols of royalty. During that part of the ceremony he also wore a tabard, " like unto adalmatica of white sarcenet," and a coif made of lawn, which, being put on his head after the unction, was to be worn for the space of eight days. Two hats of estate are also ordered with the round rolls behind and the beeks (beaks or peaks) before.
Richard's wardrobe was at all times magnificently furnished; he and the Duke of Buckingham being notorious for their love of dress and finery. A mandate still exists amongst the Harleian MSS. sent from York by Richard to the keeper of his wardrobe in London, August 31, 1483, wherein he specifies the costly habits in which he was desirous of exhibiting himself to his northern subjects, with a descriptive detail, which, as Mr. Sharon Turner justly remarks, we should rather look for from the fop that annoyed Hotspur than from the stern and warlike Richard III.
From this and the other document before quoted we may acquire a general knowledge of the robes and habits of
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