first appear in monuments and illuminations of this reign; and the earliest mention of them also seems to be by Chaucer and Froissart, both writers of this period. Chaucer, in his 6 Knight's Tale,* 6peaks of Palamon's appearing at Arcite's funeral
" In clothes black dropped all with tears aud in his c Troylus and Creseyde * he describes his heroine
" In widdowe's habite of large samite brown;" and in another place, says,
" Creyseyde was in wisdowe 1 habite blacke l« Gough says, it does appear on the effigy of Sir Oliver; but the accurate Stothard has not represented or noticed it.
and in another, when separating from Troylus, he makes her say—
« my clothes evereh one Shall blacks ben in toleqnyn (token), herte swete, That I am oute of this worlde agone."
Froissart tells us that the Earl of Foix, on hearing of the death of his son Gaston, sent for his barber, and was close shaved, and clothed himself and all his household in black. At the funeral of the Earl of Flanders, he says, all the nobles and attendants wore black gowns; and on the death of John, King of France, the King of Cyprus clothed himself in black mourning, by which distinction it would seem that some other colours were occasionally worn, such as the " samite brown" of Chaucer's Creseyde. The figures on the tomb of Sir Roger de Kerdeston, who died a.d. 1337, represent the relations of the deceased.knight, and wear their own coloured clothes under the mourning cloak.
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