The Armour

of this period was most splendid. The pauldrons almost assumed the appearance of the later pass-guards; the knee and elbow pieces were much larger, generally fan-shaped, and of most elaborate workmanship. The effigy of Sir Thomas Peyton is a fine specimen of the knightly harness of Richard III.'s reign. When covered it was by the tabard of arms, as in the reign of Edward IY. Richard, in his letter from York, expressly orders " three coats of arms, beaten with fine gold,ybr our own personThe salade and the hausse-col, or gorget of steel, was still worn, the former surmounted by

n 2

the knight's chapeau and crest, or, as in the preceding reigns, surrounded by a wreath of the wearer's colours, with a feather at the side. The salade of John, the first Howard, Duke of Norfolk, js so ornamented in a painting on glass in the possession of his Grace the present Duke, and which has been engraved by Mr. Willement, author of the6 Regal Heraldry,' &c. Richard, on his great seal, is represented with a chapeau over the salade, surrounded by the crown and surmounted by the lion. The crown of ornament which he wore at Bosworth was found, it will be remembered, in a bush, and brought to the victor upon the field. It had probably been struck from the chapeau in the melee.

The tilting shield is still more fantastic in shape, and the war-shield has become almost pentangular.

The sword is belted so as to hang almost in front, and the dagger is attached as usual to the right hip.

Leathern jacks, jazerine jackets, and short linen or cloth doublets, the latter generally white, with St. George's cross upon them, with long hose, are the general habits of the archers, bill-men, and guisarmiers; their head-piece also being the salade, or a round iron pot-helmet or skull-cap.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment