of this reign seldom comes lower than just beneath the hip, complete suits being used only for jousting, and not always even for that purpose, knights often appearing in the lists without armour for the legs or thighs. The breast-plates were made much thicker, in order to be bullet-proof; the tassets of them began to be made of one plate each, but marked in imitation of several. The point of the tapul reappeared at the bottom of the breast-plate, and projected downwards in conformity with the shape of the peasecod - bellied doublet described p. 341. Opposite are engraved the variously-
shaped morions of the time of Elizabeth, in chronological order, and a selection from the figures embossed on the last gives the military costume of the close of her reign (about 1590).
Carabines, petronels, and dragons are frequently mentioned amongst the fire-arms of this period. The petronel was so called from poitrinel, being fired with its straight and square butt-end held against the chest. The dragon received its name from its muzzle, being generally ornamented with the head of that fabled monster; and the troops who used it subsequently acquired the name of Dragons and Dragoons from this circumstance. The origin of the appellation of the carabine or carbine is disputed. One derivation is from the vessels called Carabs, on board of which it has been presumed they were first used. Troops called Carabins, a sort of light cavalry from Spain, are first mentioned a.d. 1559. Our engraving exhibits a dag (fig. a), a pistol (fig. b), and a dragon (fig. c), and the butt-ends of a carabine (fig. d), a petronel (fig. e), and a demi-haque or hack-butt (fig./), all with wheel-locks, and of the reign of Elizabeth, from the armoury at Goodrich Court.
The rest was introduced for the long heavy match-lock musket, during the reign of Henry ILL in France (vide fig. g). Bandoliers or sets of leathern cases, in each of which a complete charge of powder for a musket was carried to
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