C

Cameo and Intaglio 1 146 536 Caps 3 578 Casula 1 169 904 78 Chanel No. 5 4 764 Chappals 1 108 Charm Bracelet (1930-45) 4 826 Charm Bracelet (l946-6o) 5 879 216 558 Chlaina and Diplax 1 122 123 79 Chopines 3 502 Clean-Shaven Men 4 753 Cloaks (Native American Cultures) 2 364 Cloaks (Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas) 2 395 Cloche Hat 4 755 Clutch Purse 4 827 616 Coats and Capes 3 559 Codpiece 3 474 314 673 Collars and Pectorals 1 38 Converse All-Stars 4 714 Copotain 3 489 Cordoba Leather Gloves 3 496 905...

F

Falling and Standing Bands 3 519 Fans (Early Asian Cultures) 2 240 Fans (Sixteenth Century) 3 497 Fans (Seventeenth Century) 3 539 Farrah Fawcett Look 5 939 476 Fashion h la Victime 3 563 758 172 147 728 Fobs and Seals 3 648 Fontange 3 530 Foot Binding and Lotus Shoes 2 248 Foot Decorating 1 96 Forehead Markings 1 97 Formal Gowns 4 730 Fragrant Oils and Ointments 1 39 Fringe (Mesopotamia) 1 55 856

G

Gainsborough Chapeau 3 636 Gallicae 1 202 Ganache and Gardcorps 2 303 Gaucho Pants 5 909 Geometric Bob Styles 5 941 250 Gloves (Europe in the Middle Ages) 2 322 Gloves (Nineteenth Century) 3 649 Go-Go Boots 5 963 Goth Style 5 987 Gowns (Sixteenth Century) 3 477 Gowns (Seventeenth Century) 3 520 Gray Flannel Suit 5 857 988 Gucci Bags 5 1007

L

365 Leisure Suits 5 918 Lip Plugs 2 438 Lipstick 4 708 Little Black Dress 4 792 Loin Coverings 1 129 Loincloth and Loin Skirt 1 25 396 Long Hair for Men 5 942 531 Makeup (Ancient Greece) 1 150 Makeup (Ancient Rome) 1 194 Makeup (1919-29) 4 768 Makeup (1946-60) 5 880 Mandarin Shirt 2 230 482 307 Mary Janes 5 1017 829 Masks (African Cultures) 2 439 Masks (Seventeenth Century) 3 540 Men's Hats 4 699 Metal Girdles 1 151 Military Boots 4 835 Military Dress 1 131 Military Uniforms and Civilian Dress...

P

110 Painter's Pants 5 925 Pajamas 4 736 491 174 Paludamentum 2 264 566 Pantsuit 5 926 927 Parasols 3 588 542 Patent Leather Look 4 759 Patent Leather Shoes 5 964 Pattens and Pantofles 3 504 Peasant Look 5 928 Peek-a-Boo Bang 4 820 Peep-Toed Shoes 4 837 Peg-Top Clothing 4 682 Pelisse 3 627 Peplos 1 134 153 Permanent Wave 4 701 Petticoats 3 523 Phrygian Cap 1 139 Piercing 1 104 Pigtails and Ramillies 3 579 Pillbox Hats 5 875 Pilos and Petasos 1 141 Plastic Shoes 5 884 Platform Shoes 5 965 651...

S

Sack Gown 3 572 Sack Suit 4 683 Sakkos and Sphendone 1 142 Sandals (Ancient Egypt) 1 46 Sandals (Ancient Greece) 1 157 87 Sarongs 4 801 Scarification (Oceania) 2 345 Scarification (African Cultures) 2 440 28 56 760 685 Shoe Decoration 3 549 Short Hair for Women 4 761 638 Signet Ring 1 195 441 Skirt 2 366 484 Slippers (Eighteenth Century) 3 597 Slippers (Nineteenth Century) 3 656 203 992 Spats 4 775 Spectator Sports Style 4 741 Spoon Bonnets 3 639 Sportswear 4 744 Steeple Headdress 2 317...

T

309 252 Tailored Suit for Women 4 747 953 Tattooing (Early Asian Cultures) 2 244 Tattooing (Oceania) 2 346 Tattooing (Native American Cultures) 2 381 Tattooing (1980-2003) 5 1012 Tennis Costume 3 628 Tennis Shoes (Nineteenth Century) 3 657 Tennis Shoes (1961-79) 5 967 930 Titus Cut 3 580 Toga 1 178 318 Top-Siders 5 886 Trainer Shoes 5 1019 Trench Coats 4 688 Tricorne Hat 3 532 572 Trousers for Women 4 806 808 T-Strap Sandal 4 777 Tunic (Ancient Egypt) 1 29 Tunic (Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas) 2...

W

526 Walking Sticks 3 593 709 Waved Hair 4 822 839 Whisk 3 527 Wigs (Ancient Egypt) 1 35 Wigs (Ancient Rome) 1 188 Wigs (Seventeenth Century) 3 533 Wigs (Nineteenth Century) 3 642 Wimple 2 319 Wing Tips 4 778 Women's Dresses 4 810 Women's Hats 4 702 Women's Suits 4 812 996 143

Entries by Topic Category

415 A-Line Skirt 5 901 American Look 5 852 Animal Skins 2 417 Armani Suits 5 980 Aso Oke Cloth 2 418 515 Bases 3 473 Bathing Costumes 3 608 902 Berber Dress 2 421 853 361 300 Bloomers (Nineteenth Century) 3 611 Bloomers (1900-18) 4 668 Bold Look 5 855 473 Boubou 2 422 168 670 362 516 76 517 Casula 1 169 904 78 216 558 Chlaina and Diplax 1 122 123 79 Cloaks (Native American Cultures) 2 364 Cloaks (Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas) 2 395 616 Coats and Capes 3 559 Codpiece 3 474 673 905 560 Cote and...

Readers Guide

Fashoon, Costume, and Culture Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages provides a broad overview of costume traditions of diverse cultures from prehistoric times to the present day. The five-volume set explores various items of human decoration and adornment, ranging from togas to turbans, necklaces to tennis shoes, and discusses why and how they were created, the people who made them, and their uses. More than just a description of what people wore and why, this set...

Birkenstocks

Birkenstock sandals are specially designed casual shoes with flexible cork and latex (type of rubber) insoles that are shaped like the bottom of a person's foot. Designed in Germany, Birkenstocks were first introduced in the United States in the late 1960s, and they immediately became identified with a youthful generation who preferred natural and comfortable clothing to the more restrictive fashions of their parents. Birkenstocks introduced the concept of comfort shoes that has been continued...

Words to Know

Appliqu An ornament sewn, embroidered, or glued onto a garment. Bias cut A fabric cut diagonally across the weave to create a softly draped garment. Bodice The part of a woman's garment that covers her torso from neck to waist. Bombast Padding used to increase the width or add bulk to the general silhouette of a garment. Brim The edge of a hat that projects outward away from the head. Brocade A fabric woven with a raised pattern over the entire surface. Collar The part of a shirt that surrounds...

Tanning

Excessive Tanning Photos

O ne of the primary reasons why travelers who live in northern climates head off to fair-weather vacation spots is to smooth on suntan lotion, pass hours soaking in sunshine, and emerge with their skin browned by the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays. Not everyone who desires tanned skin has the time or inclination to stay in the sun for the time needed to obtain brown skin. As a result, artificial means Though a tan is seen as an outward expression of good health, excessive exposure to sunlight...

For More Information

New York Times Magazine (August 30, 1970) 62. Herald, Jacqueline. Fashions of a Decade The 1970s. New York Facts on File, 1992. Morris, Bernadine. You Don't Like Midiskirts There Are Always Gaucho Pants. New York Times (April 29, 1970) 36. Rawsthorn, Alice. Yves Saint Laurent A Biography. New York HarperCollins, 1996. Saint Laurent, Yves. Yves Saint Laurent Images of Design 1958 1988. New York Knopf, 1988. Saint Laurent, Yves, Diana Vreeland, et al. Yves Saint Laurent....

The Flip

The Flip was a bouncy, upturned hairdo that was widely worn by young women throughout the 1960s. Its name derived from a flip, or upturned curl at the ends. Starting out as a modified version of the bouffant, its stiffness relaxed over the decade along with hairstyle trends in general. By the early 1970s it had given way to a longer, looser version. Television actress Mary Tyler Moore (1936 ) wore a short version of the Flip when The Dick Van Dyke Show debuted in 1961. Moore played Laura...

Neckties

A decorative piece of fabric knotted around the neck has been a part of the clothing of Western men since the seventeenth century, though the exact nature of the necktie has changed frequently over that time. Neckties have been wide or narrow, brightly patterned or somber, depending on the current rules of fashion. Because business clothes for men have remained rather conservative throughout the twentieth century, the necktie was often the only piece of clothing through which a man could...

Headwear 196179

Culture Fashion

W W omen s hairstyles in this period transformed from the stiff, artificial styles favored at the beginning of the 1960s to striking, short mod styles of the mid-1960s and then to the longer, loose, feathered tresses of the 1970s. Whether the styles were dramatic geometrically-shaped bob styles, longer bobs with flipped out ends, or the soft layers of the Farrah Fawcett look, the general trend in women's hairstyles was toward freer, softer styles. Hats and hair ornaments were not as important...

Geometric Bob Styles

English hairdresser Vidal Sassoon (1928-) established the first of what would become a successful chain of hair salons on London's Bond Street in 1954. Over the next few years he gained a reputation for creating daring but flattering looks for a stylish clientele. His work began appearing in the top fashion magazines of the day. In the early 1960s, however, women's hairstyles were elaborate, stiffened sculptures. They required setting lotion, rollers, dryer time, backcombing, and a generous...

Body Piercing

Body piercing involves making a hole in a body part and, usually, placing a piece of jewelry into the hole. Body piercing is often defined as the piercing of any body part for men and the piercing of any part besides the earlobes for women, for whom pierced ears have long been acceptable. An ancient practice, body piercing has been done in many cultures for reasons of adornment or ritual. Though it first became popular in modern times in the punk culture of the 1970s and 1980s, which rose up...

Where to Learn More

The following list of resources focuses on material appropriate for middle school or high school students. Please note that Web site addresses were verified prior to publication but are subject to change. Batterberry, Michael, and Ariane Batterberry. Fashion The Mirror of History. New York Greenwich House, 1977. Bigelow, Marybelle S. Fashion in History Apparel in the Western World. Minneapolis, MN Burgess Publishing, 1970. Boucher, Fran ois. 20,000 Years of Fashion The History of Costume and...

Aline Skirt

A skirt that tapers gently out from a narrow waist, or a dress that grows gradually wider from the shoulder to the hem, is called an A-line, simply because its shape resembles the letter A. Though the tapered silhouette has been used during various fashion periods, it is generally agreed that the A-line dress became a staple of most women's wardrobes in the 1960s, just as styles were becoming simpler. The modern A-line silhouette, or shape, was first seen during the mid-1950s, as part of French...

Footwear 196179

The footwear styles available in the 1960s and 1970s offered men and women a wide range of choices in heel height, material, color, and design. Some footwear styles were considered ultrafash-ionable. Among these were go-go boots and feminine styles of shoes, similar to those from the 1920s, which were worn by young women in miniskirts in the 1960s. Fashionable men wore white slip-on shoes or low ankle boots with side elastic or zippers. These styles were available in leather but also in new,...

Farrah Fawcett Look

Farrah Fawcett Century

Charlie's Angels (1976 81), a show about the adventures of three attractive female private investigators, debuted in September 1976. By mixing sex appeal and feminist self-reliance, the series drew large audiences of both men and women, quickly becoming the top-rated television program in the United States. Former model Farrah Fawcett (1947 ), then known as Farrah Fawcett-Majors, soon emerged as the most popular of the show's three stars. Her feathery blonde hair and broad white smile were the...

Info

Detroit Shirts Celebrity Image

He 1960s and 1970s were decades of real contrast in the West. While the global political situation was actually stabilized by the tensions of the Cold War (1945-91), both the United States and European countries experienced internal political turmoil, including assassinations of major political leaders, protests, and widespread movements for social change. Economies boomed across the West during the 1960s, but the citizens of these countries were not necessarily content with their widespread...

Down Vests and Jackets

Own is a natural fiber found on waterfowl such as ducks and geese. These birds have a layer of fluffy feathers known as down underneath their regular feathers that traps air and helps the animal keep warm, even in icy water. Plucked off the bird and sewn between layers of fabric, down becomes an excellent insulation in human clothing, mattresses, and sleeping bags. Many people have recognized and used the insulating quality of down. Even before the arrival of explorer Christopher Columbus...

Pantsuit

Feminist Movement

Before the late 1960s women only wore pants while working in the garden or around the house, engaging in such female-approved sports as bowling, or traveling to the beach. In most any business, school, or formal public or social setting women were expected to wear skirts or dresses. As feminism, the social movement to gain full and equal rights for women, grew more powerful in the 1960s and women increased their presence in the workplace, the notion that females and skirts were synonymous was...

Body Decorations 194660

African American Women 1919

W roper accessories, makeup, and undergarments were an extremely important part ofwomen's fashion in the late 1940s through the 1950s. The major fashion trends of the late 1940s, inspired by the New Look fashions of designer Christian Dior (1905-1957), called for a carefully assembled outfit that included such accessories as white gloves and umbrellas to accompany carefully chosen shoes, hat, and dress. The New Look called for tasteful but understated jewelry. One of the most important...

Pantyhose

Women wearing pantsuits, like the one here, were sometimes banned from restaurants that resisted the feminist movement and saw pants as too masculine. Reproduced by permission of AP Wide World Photos. People have worn some sort of stockings or socks for centuries, the style varying somewhat as fashions and technology changed and developed. In the 1800s women usually wore cotton stockings, which were covered by their long skirts, but by the 1920s hemlines had risen, and sheer silk stockings...

Liii Clothing Or Apparel Or Sportswear Or Underwear Or Dress Or Fabric

Europeans during the Age of Exploration that began in the fifteenth century. Volumes 3 through 5 offer chronological coverage of the development of costume and fashion in the West. Volume 3 features the costume traditions of the developing European nation-states in the fifteenth through the nineteenth centuries, and looks at the importance of the royal courts in introducing clothing styles and the shift from home-based garmentmaking to shop-based and then factory-based industry. Volumes 4 and 5...

Mesopotamian Man Clothing

Italic type indicates volume number boldface type indicates main entries and then page numbers ill. indicates photos and illustrations. 707 ill. , 710 ill. clothing, 4 663-93, 665 ill. , 669 ill. , 676 ill. , 678 ill. , 681 ill. , 685 ill. , 687 ill. , 689 ill. , 692 ill. culture, 4 659-62 footwear, 4 713-19, 715 ill. , 717 ill. headwear, 4 695-704, 697 ill. , 700 ill. , 701 ill. , 703 ill. body decorations, 4 763-71, 764 ill. , 767 ill. , 769 ill. clothing, 4 725-49, 725 ill. , 735 ill. , 736...

America Forges Ahead 19802003

San Fransico Clothes And Culture

Listorians have yet to come up with good labels for the 1980s and 1990s. The 1980s have been called the Decade of Greed because of the aggressive business growth of the time, and the 1990s have been labeled the New Economy or the Internet Age, recognizing the extraordinary influence of high-tech industries. These labels focus attention on the economic changes of the time, yet they may not fully recognize the extent to which the United States dominated Western culture. In world politics,...

M

Macaroni Club, 3 621 Macassar oils, 3 632 Machu Pichu, 2 390 ill. Madame C. J. Walker. 4 705-6, 708-9, 769 Madonna, 5 973, 978 Maertens, Klaus, 5 960-61 Magazines fashion, 3 512 4 784 film fashion, 4 784 Gibson girl and, 4 687 industrial revolution, 3 602 Magellan, Ferdinand, 2 333 Maidenform Company, 4 671 Le Maison Poiret, 4 667 Maison Worth, 4 667 Major, John S., 2 213 Make Mine Mink, 5 856 Makeup, 1 145, 150-51, 194-95 4 727, 732, 763, 768-69, 769 ill 5 877, 880-81, 881 ill. 1900-1918, 4...

In What Culture Is Long Hair On Men Acceptable

Greek Men With Long Hair

Perhaps no modern fashion trend has been as controversial as that of men growing their hair long. Beginning with the beatniks and hippies names given to those who rejected the established customs of society in the 1950s and 1960s and spreading quickly throughout society, long hair on men represented a rebellion against the clean-cut image that had prevailed during previous decades. Hippies often wore their hair down to their shoulders and longer as a sign of protest against American involvement...

Revised

C. 476 Upper-class men, and sometimes women, in the Byzantine Empire 476-1453 C.E. wear a long, flowing robe-like overgarment called a dalmatica developed from the tunic. c. 900 Young Chinese girls tightly bind their feet to keep them small, a sign of beauty for a time in Chinese culture. The practice was outlawed in 1911. c. 1100-1500 The cote, a long robe worn by both men and women, and its descendant, the cotehardie, are among the most common garments of the late Middle Ages. 1392 Kimonos...

Mood Rings

1970s Fashion Fads

The mood ring was one of the biggest fashion fads of the 1970s. Marketed as an accessory for the Me Decade, a time when people began to actively explore their feelings, the color-changing jewelry first became popular in New York City and quickly spread throughout the United States. Each mood ring contained a temperature-sensitive liquid crystal encased in quartz. As the body temperature of the wearer changed, the crystals changed colors. Each color the ring displayed supposedly corresponded to...

Puka Chokers

Puka Shell Craze Elizabeth Taylor

Strings of white puka shell beads emerged as a teen fashion trend in the early 1970s. Puka shells are the leftover parts from the shell of the cone snail found on beaches in Hawaii. The empty conical shells, closed at the larger end, are swept back into the surf. In Strings of puka shells being sold as souvenirs in Hawaii. Traditional garb for Hawaiians, the shells were worn by surfers in the 1960s and fashion trendsetters in the 1970s. Reproduced by permission of Tim Thompson CORBIS. the waves...

Post World War II 194660

Post World War Society Usa Families

He world woke up from a six-year-long nightmare in the summer of 1945. World War II 1939-45 , which had pitted the Allied forces of the United States, Britain, France, Russia, Canada, Australia, and other nations against the Axis forces of Germany, Japan, Italy, Austria, and others, finally ended, but the effects of the war lingered on for years afterward. The economies of Europe and Japan were in ruins, and people around the world struggled to recover from the deadliest war in human history....

Wrap Dress

Caught With Dress Too Short

Diane von Furstenberg's 1946 wrap dress was one of American fashion's top sellers during the first half of the 1970s. The one-piece, knee-length garment, which wrapped in the front and featured built-in string ties of the same fabric, tied around the waist and sold in stores for around eighty dollars. Made from colorful abstract prints that von Furstenberg designed herself, the dress caught on with legions of American women, and some five million were sold at their height of popularity. The...

Headwear 194660

Ladies Wearing Pink Pillbox Hat

The late 1940s and 1950s were a time in fashion history when many people were concerned with dressing just right, and the way they styled their hair and chose their hats was no exception. As with other areas of fashion, hat styles had been simplified during World War II 1939-45 in order to conserve precious materials that were needed for the war effort. French designer Christian Dior's 1905-1957 New Look, introduced in 1947, called for a range of accessories. Dior's New Look outfits and the...

Clothing 194660

1950s African American Culture

During World War II 1939-45 fashion had taken a backseat to the war effort, and dress designers had been severely limited in what they could make as governments placed severe restrictions on the kinds and amounts of cloth designers could use. In the fifteen years that followed the end of the war, fashions in the West went through a series of sweeping changes. Women's fashions reached levels of richness and luxury that had not been seen since the turn of the previous century. In addition,...

1970 Afro American Fashion And Hairstyles

Culture Clothing

The hairstyle of choice among African Americans from the mid-1960s through the 1970s was the Afro. The Afro featured African Americans' naturally curly hair trimmed in a full, evenly round shape around the head. During the fight for equal rights for blacks during the 1960s, as many blacks joined together to apply political pressure on the American government, they also developed their own fashion statements, which included the Afro. For many, the Afro, also known as the brush or the natural,...

Gambar Punk Piercingan

Poland Culture Clothing

W eople adorned their bodies in widely varying ways in the 1960s and 1970s. The popularity of modern styles at the beginning of the 1960s brought huge plastic flower ornaments, heavy makeup, especially around the eyes, and false eyelashes for women. Men accepted jewelry as part of their wardrobe, starting with the love beads hung around their necks in the 1960s and ending the period with multiple chains of gold adorning their necks and chests, bracelets around their wrists, and rings on their...

Headwear 19802003

John Sahag

The early 1980s brought a return of interest in high fashion after the comfort trend of the 1970s, which saw many people rejecting designer clothing. Fashion designers became celebrities by marketing collections of ready-to-wear off-the-rack clothing, cosmetics, and accessories to the huge middle class. Hairstylists became similarly celebrated, creating looks for film stars and television actors and then marketing hair care products for the general public. The wealthy also continued to...

Doc Martens

Martens Air Wair is the brand name of many different styles of shoes, many people only mean one thing when they speak of Doc Martens thick soled, black leather work boots that have been favored by rebellious youth internationally since the 1960s. First produced as a corrective shoe for people with foot problems, and later marketed as a work boot for people whose jobs kept them on their feet all day, tough-looking Doc Martens have been the boot of choice for many different youth...

Old Kingdom 2705-2155 Bc History

Naismith, James, 4 714 Namath, Joe, 5 924 Napoleonic Era, 3 562 National Standard Dress, 4 661 Native Americans, 2 351-87 body decorations, 2 377-84, 377 ill. , 380 ill. , 383 ill. 363 ill. , 364 ill. culture, 2 351-55, 354 ill. footwear, 2 385-87, 386 ill. headwear, 2 369-76, 370 ill. , 373 ill. , 374 ill. movement for, 5 909 settlers and, 2 331 Nature, 2 357, 358 Navajos, 2 378, 379, 380 ill. , 387 Nazis, 4 783, 788-89, 789 ill. Ndebeles, 2 409 ill. Neanderthal man, 1 1-2, 11 Necklaces. See...

Velour

Velours is the French word for velvet, and, like velvet, velour is woven by a special process with looped threads that are cut to form a pile, or textured surface. What distinguishes velour from velvet is the fabric from which it is woven. While velvet is most often made of silk or the synthetic fabrics nylon or acetate, velour is loosely woven of cotton, sometimes blended with synthetic fiber. Long used as a drapery and upholstery fabric, particularly in automobiles, velour, when it gained...

Clothing 19802003

Kurt Cobain Clothing Style

The years between 1980 and 2003 present all the complexities of modern costume. These decades saw a rise and fall in the status of high-profile clothing designers and their extravagant clothes the sudden popularity of certain clothing items, often associated with youth-driven music trends the impact of new technologies the influence of celebrities on fashion all set against a general trend to favor comfortable, casual clothes. These trends were a continuation of the trends that had...

Tie Dye

1960 Hippies Tie Dye

Worn by legions of hippies, tie-dye is perhaps the most enduring symbol of the 1960s. Reproduced by permission of Royalty-Free CORBIS. Worn by legions of hippies, tie-dye is perhaps the most enduring symbol of the 1960s. Reproduced by permission of Royalty-Free CORBIS. Tie-dyeing was especially popular with American youth who opposed the Vietnam War 1954 75 , a controversial war in which the United States aided South Vietnam in its fight against a takeover by Communist North Vietnam. During the...

Bell Bottoms

Bell -bottoms, pants with legs that become wider below the knee, were an extremely popular fashion during the 1960s and 1970s. The belled or flared legs on bell-bottom pants were originally a functional design, worn by those who worked on boats since the seventeenth century. The large legs allowed the pants to be easily rolled up out of the way for such messy jobs as washing the decks. In addition, if a sailor fell overboard, bell-bottom pants could be pulled off over boots or shoes and the...

Footwear 194660

Reproduction 1950s Clothing

Men s shoes did not go through a great deal of change in the fifteen years following the end of World War II 1939 45 . During the late 1940s, while Bold Look, or showy, fashions were in style, there was a brief preference for thicker-soled, heavier shoes to accompany the bolder cuts and colors in men's suits. By the 1950s, however, as suit styles became more conservative, men turned to lighter soled, traditionally cut dress shoe styles such as moccasins, wing tips, or bluchers, heavy,...

Footwear 19802003

Cowboy Boots And Guys Business Suits

The emphasis on business attire that went along with the 1980s trend for power dressing, or dressing for business success, triggered a surge in the fashion for stiff, formal shoes. Men wore shiny leather wing tips, oxfords, and other styles, and women wore pumps to work. Some of these dressy styles were uncomfortable, and people soon embraced new styles of shoes that were comfortable as well as fashionable. Before the 1980s comfortable formal shoes were often only available in styles suited to...

Halter Tops

Genevieve Naylor

The halter top, on the model at right, was based on the neckline of some Asian clothing. Reproduced by permission of Genevieve Naylor CORBIS. The halter top, on the model at right, was based on the neckline of some Asian clothing. Reproduced by permission of Genevieve Naylor CORBIS. sleeveless triangular top that ties around the back and at the back of the neck, the halter top loosely covers the breasts and chest, while leaving bare the shoulders, upper back, and sometimes the midriff, the area...

Fringe

N ative American tribes of the Plains and elsewhere had long created garments with fringe, which served as a type of gutter that repelled rainwater from the wearer. Fringe was a border or edge of hanging threads, cords, or strips, and was often found on garments made from suede, leather, and buckskin. Fringe first became a decorative fashion embellishment in the 1920s as part of the flapper look, a popular dress style for women. Skirts suddenly rose above the knee for the first time in Western...

Earth Shoes

1990s Fashion For Women Shoes

I n the late 1960s and early 1970s, young people began dressing less formally. Even footwear became more casual, as girls and women shunned high heels and boys and men avoided dress shoes even for formal occasions. Out of this desire for attire that was more comfortable came the advent of the earth shoe footwear, often made of soft tanned leather, which featured a heel that was positioned lower than the toes. This design was said to align the body so that the pelvis and shoulders naturally...

Gaucho Pants

Corbis Dior Dresses

Gaucho pants are wide-legged trousers for women with a cuff that ends around mid calf. Taking their name from pants once worn by South American cowboys, they were in style for a brief period in the early to mid-1970s. They were similar to the culotte short or skort, but gauchos were longer and meant to serve as a more formal, workplace-friendly alternative to skirts and slacks. French designer Yves Saint Laurent 1936 was born in Oran, Algeria, and, at age seventeen, settled in Paris, France....

Painters Pants

Blue collar or utilitarian chic is the name given to the fashion trend of work clothes becoming high fashion. Like blue jeans, painter's pants were discovered as a fashion item by those who never wore them for work. Originally designed to be worn by working painters, painter's pants have been sold by makers of work clothes such as Dickies, since at least the 1920s. Made of white canvas with heavily stitched seams, painter's pants are distinguished by their many pockets, some roomy enough to...

Nehru Jacket

Young people of the 1960s who were unhappy with the culture and values they had grown up with began to explore other cultures, seeking different points of view. Because many of these young people opposed war and sought peaceful solutions, they admired the people of India, who had achieved independence from the British Empire in 1947 through largely nonviolent means. In 1964 the first prime minister of independent India, pacifist Jawaharlal Nehru 1889 1964 , was pictured in Vogue magazine...

Jogging Suits

1980s Jogging Suit

When the sport of jogging became a national obsession in the 1970s, bringing with it a fascination with fitness, people were looking for appropriate attire for running along city streets and country lanes, or jogging in place at the gym. Baseball, football, basketball, and hockey players had uniforms that were designed for the specifics of their sport and runners were looking for the same. Casual street clothes such as jeans and a loosely-fitted shirt were impractical. The old T-shirt and...

Hot Pants

Hot pants are extremely short shorts that were designed to be worn as dressy clothing for women. Young people of the 1970s began to leave behind the ragged, patched-denim political style of the mid- to late 1960s. They gathered in nightclubs to dance to disco music and returned to the glamorous styles made popular in Great Britain in the early 1960s by youths known as mods. Many fashion experts see hot pants as a natural development of the rising miniskirt. Skirts became so short that they...

Miniskirt

Jackie Kennedy Jeans

He miniskirt was introduced in 1965 at the fashion show of French designer Andr Courreges 1923- . He felt that the design of women's clothes was not keeping up with the modern trends of the 1950s and 1960s and wanted to introduce a look that was modern, streamlined, and easy. His miniskirts were A-line skirts, narrow at the waist and wider at the hem, that ended four inches above the knee. The audience at Courreges's show greeted his new designs in shocked silence, but it would not be long...

Leisure Suits

Clothes From Saturday Night Fever

Leisure suits, which gained popularity among men during the 1970s, were casual suits consisting of matching jacket and trousers. They were made of polyester fabric, often in bright colors or earth tone plaids. The leisure suit jacket was distinctively During the 1970s rock music dance clubs became extremely popular. Young people, wearing polyester bell-bottoms and platform shoes, lined up outside popular clubs for a chance to enter dance floors lit with bright, pulsing lights and dance to...

Clothing 196179

1970s Garment

I n fashion, the 1960s and the 1970s were decades of repeated revolutionary change. The youth explosion and mod craze of the early 1960s were followed quickly by the hippie look of the late 1960s, the antifashion trends of the early 1970s, and the punk and disco styles of the mid- to late 1970s. By the late 1970s, people throughout the West seemed content to wear regular clothes once more. Taken together, these high profile fashion fads forever changed the way the fashion industry worked....

Hip Huggers

Women The 1970s

H ip huggers are tightly fitted pants whose waistline has been dropped below the natural waist of the wearer. Hip huggers usually have flared or bell-bottom legs, and the dropped waist can vary from hanging modestly just below the waist to a sitting several inches below the navel. Hip huggers often have no built-in waistband but are frequently worn with wide belts. First worn by the mods, British Hip huggers made their debut in the 1960s and were again popular in the early twenty-first century....

Catsuit

1960 Catsuit

The catsuit combined the leotard's functionality with futuristic style. Reproduced by permission of AP Wide World Photos. The catsuit combined the leotard's functionality with futuristic style. Reproduced by permission of AP Wide World Photos. ormfitting stretch body suits known as catsuits were the ultimate in slinky style and casual comfort for women during the 1960s. The all-in-one garment was typically either zipped or buttoned at the front, from the navel to the neck, and was often worn...

Peasant Look

1970s Peasant Look

During the late 1960s and early 1970s many young women rejected traditional fashion for more eccentric, original styles. One such style was the peasant look a type of clothing that was an off- shoot of the garments worn for centuries by the European lower classes. Peasant skirts and dresses were long and flowing. Skirts and blouses featured loose, off-the-shoulder necklines, split necklines styled to resemble tunics, or drawstrings that could be tied. The blouses were tucked in or not,...

Timeline

THE BEGINNING OF HUMAN LIFE Early humans wrap themselves in animal hides for warmth. c. 10,000 b.c.e. Tattooing is practiced on the Japanese islands, in the Jomon period c. 10,000-300 B.C.E. . Similarly scarification, the art of carving designs into the skin, has been practiced since ancient times in Oceania and Africa to make a person's body more beautiful or signify a person's rank in society. c. 3100 b.c.e. Egyptians weave a plant called flax into a light cloth called linen and made dresses...