Some decades ago before the arrival of mass production, clothes were made by specialist couturiers who had on the premises everything that was necessary to realize any request for an item of clothing.
The couturier knew exactly the tastes and the physical characteristics of his own clientele. Sometimes in the most prestigious fashion houses dressmaker's dummies were made, reproducing the exact measurements of the most discreet and fastidious women, who with every confidence in their couturiers sometimes had precious, finished items of clothing delivered directly to their homes. The item of clothing was therefore unique, completed almost entirely by hand, with much attention paid to the details and the style and made with materials of the highest quality.
Today this kind of product is reserved wholly for haute couture, which precisely because of its exclusive nature takes care of the clothing for a clientele that is very sophisticated and élite.
With the development of the textile industry and prêt-à-porter many fashion houses have turned themselves into companies rendering consumers homogeneous by segmenting them according to type, dividing and manufacturing clothes in relation to predetermined and uniform sizes.
basic cuts in clothing
The cut is the silhouette of the item of clothing and shows the dimensions and length, whilst the style by contrast is what gives it character and makes it unique. Clothes which have their own cut can differ in style by means of details, Finishes and taste.
For centuries an infinite number of cuts and different styles have been followed, but the dimensions most frequently used can be summarized in a few examples and from which innumerable variations dictated by taste and the trends of the moment can be derived. The examples which follow show some fundamental patterns with diagrams that are very basic and geometrical, with the aim of emphasizing primarily the dimensions and the type of cut.
Top left to right: H, upside-down truncated cone, hourglass, column, empire, convex Bottom left to right: Trapezium, barrel or bag, redingote, amphora puff, siren
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