American Football 101
Are you looking for a way to increase the capabilities of your football team? Is your football team leaving something to be desired? Are you looking to skyrocket your team's effectiveness with the most effective drills and plays?
Football or soccer is another sport that has a long history. Some historians credit the Chinese with the earliest form of football in 255-206 b.c.e. The sport was called Tsu Chu, and it was used to train soldiers as part of their physical education program. Many societies including the Ancient Greeks, Aztecs, Romans, Japanese, and Egyptians have claimed to be the creators of football too, as any sport where a ball is kicked is seen as a predecessor to the modern sport (Miers and Trifari 1994 p. 26 Langton 1996, p. 15-27). The object of modern-day football is to move a single ball, by passing it between players, and kicking it into an opponent's goal. At the end of a ninety-minute game, the team that has the most goals wins the game. Hands cannot be used to pass the ball, as seen in rugby or American football. The sport is played between two teams, with eleven athletes on each team. Football as we know it in the early 2000s is based upon rules and regulations formed in London, England,...
The sport of American football derived from rugby. Football (soccer) has also been noted as a cousin to American football. The sport came to America in the mid-1800s and was played by many northeastern colleges, like Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and Columbia. In 1876, Harvard and Yale Universities met together in Massachusetts to formalize the rules of American football. The object of the game was to move an oblong-shaped ball across a goal line by kicking, throwing, or running with it. The team that can get the most points in four quarters wins. The game is played between two teams, each with eleven players. In American football, the teams can be rotated in and out of the game, which is different than football (soccer) and rugby. In the beginning of the Professional Football League in the 1920s, there were no rules regarding the equipment players wore. Teams only provided players with long-sleeve knitted wool jerseys, and socks in team colors and logos. Many players used the equipment...
Value differences Tonal this is the value difference on the grey scale between the highlights and the shadows of the
Later I will show you how to paint a roses but for now it is important to understand exactly how roses are constructed. It seems they have thorns on the stems, five leaves on the shoots and things called sepals and corollas. This sort of information was not graspingly important to me during my younger years when getting a football over a line or a girl into a backseat were more pressing and roses were stolen from a neighbourhood garden to celebrate grandma's infrequent visits. That's when I first discovered the thorns.
In 1944 the family moved to Manhattan Beach, California, where the boys attended Redondo Union High School and El Segundo High School where they were active in swimming and football. Still obsessed with developing a diving helmet, the boys purchased a genuine diving helmet from a local shop. The adventurous boys tested the helmet in up to twenty feet of water for durability, functionality, and safety. After spending several hours experimenting with the helmet in cold, polluted waters, the brothers determined that the helmet needed some improvements. However, more important, they needed something to wear in the freezing cold waters.
Beene's distinctive creative vision manifested itself fully in 1966 when he designed ballgowns using gray flannel and wool jersey. He went on to design a series of dresses inspired by athletic jerseys, most notably a se-quined full-length football-jersey gown in 1968. Generally, his clothes did display a respect for traditional dress-making, which manifested itself in details such as delicate collars and cuffs, and minutely tucked blouses, applied to a paired-down silhouette.
Attending sporting events was a popular leisure time practice during the 1920s. Fashion-conscious spectators dressed in attire appropriate for a variety of sports events. Often fashion was dictated by the weather. For instance, male and female college students who attended autumn and early winter football games wore bulky raccoon fur coats or heavy tan-colored camel hair and woolen polo coats belted at the waist or with a partial belt at the back. Women's sportswear was becoming more masculine. By the late 1920s college-aged women wore tailored woolen tweed suits with knee-length skirts and loose-fitting slacks to collegiate sports events.
Walk through the marketplace in any North African town, from Cairo to Marrakech, and at first glance you will find people dressed no differently than city dwellers in any other part of the world. Many male professionals and office workers wear a suit and tie, or possibly some version of the safari suit. Many women wear an equally conventional two-piece top and skirt, though most wear the Hijab, the Islamic head covering. Younger people of both sexes wear jeans, T-shirts, or football shirts. Among these now ubiquitous Western garments, however, people wear more obviously local fashions. Many working men in Cairo wear djellaba, the long, loose-fitting gown, sometimes in combination with the kaffiyeh, a turbanlike head cloth or cotton skullcap older women may wear burqa and bedla, a black headscarf and flowing dress. In Tunisian towns, the red felt chechiya, a cross between skullcap and beret, is still the single most distinctive item of male attire, while in much of the Maghrib the...
Renoir thought farmers should fire the odd shot at artists who painted in the fields Not to kill just frighten them off
Remember, a sculpture shows all sides of the face including the back of the head, cautioned Donatello, suddenly suspicious and not wanting to dirty his psalm unnecessarily. Titian, he knew, was quite a slippery customer. Leonardo, no slouch in that department himself had said as much last week at the football match. Also five gold coins was a wager of no mere trifle for and any artist. A week later Titian arrived in the local tavern with his painting wrapped in a drop-cloth. All the village artists who liked talking football strategy drank at the 'The Three Brushes' and were usually attended by that singularly angry youth Michelangelo who served the drinks - that was if he wasn't arguing with the pope about some ceiling or other he was painting - or driving a local cab. OK enough of that - let's talk football, said Leonardo clapping Donatello on the back. Leonardo had once substituted for five minutes as fullback for Milan and was always looking for the opportunity to remind...
The single most important piece of headwear in all of Egyptian history was the pschent, the crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. Historians believe that Upper Egypt (surrounding the upper Nile River in the south of present-day Egypt and in Sudan) and Lower Egypt (most of present-day Egypt) were united in about 3100 B.C.E. by King Menes. The rulers of Upper and Lower Egypt each wore a different type of crown. The White Crown of Upper Egypt, known as the hedjet, was a white helmet that was shaped much like half a football with a stretched out, rounded end. It also had a coiled uraeus, or sacred hooded cobra, just above the forehead. The Red Crown of Lower Egypt, known as the deshret, was a round, flat-topped hat that extended down the back of the neck and had a tall section that projected upward from the back side. From the base of the projection a thin reed curled up and forward, ending in a spiral. When King Menes united the two Egypts, he combined the hat into the pschent, or Double...
Story-telling was a great pastime at every level, and clowning, grotesque jokes and bawdiness were much enjoyed. Many of what are now considered children's games, played with much crude and violent humour, were widely popular, as were skittles, dice, cards, nine man's morris, and sports such as wrestling, races and football (Photos left, David Lazenby. Middelaldercentret below, Gerry Embleton).
When the sport of jogging became a national obsession in the 1970s, bringing with it a fascination with fitness, people were looking for appropriate attire for running along city streets and country lanes, or jogging in place at the gym. Baseball, football, basketball, and hockey players had uniforms that were designed for the specifics of their sport and runners were looking for the same. Casual street clothes such as jeans and a loosely-fitted shirt were impractical. The old T-shirt and shorts or one-piece cotton gym suit was not fashionable. Out of this need came the popularity of the jogging suit a casual two-piece outfit designed and marketed for men and women that included a zip jacket and elastic-waist pants.
Beene's first fashion show in 1964 met with critical acclaim. His designs were original, not interpretations of current trends. When other designers in the 1960s were showing space-age fashions, Beene was showing se-quined football jersey evening dresses. By 1970 Beene's whimsical, elaborate fashions were applauded by the fashion press and coveted by women however, a review which appeared in the New Yorker in 1972 changed the entire direction of Beene's work. According to the New Yorker, Beene was indulging fancifully in styles that women have never dreamed of simply because they have no earthly use for them (Cocks, p. 97). This one review made Beene change his entire approach to design he would now emphasize structure and function, not embellishment, in his designs.
This popularity endured, and the polo shirt became a cult shirt later taken on as a style essential by label-conscious football terrace casuals and customized by B-boys and Fly-girls during the late 1970s and 1980s, and often worn with Lyle and Scott or Pringle Knits. Meanwhile a version by Fred Perry was the polo shirt of choice by skinheads in the 1970s, the gay crowd during the 1980s, and more recently certain exponents of Britpop and skate (as freedom of movement is still key).
The origins of Adidas date back to 1920 when Adolph (Adi) Dassler began a footwear business which specialized in manufacturing slippers. In 1924 his brother, Rudolph, joined the company then called Gebruder Das-sler Schufabrik. Soon the company expanded to produce football boots and track shoes.
James Naismith, a Canadian Presbyterian minister, invented the sport of Basket Ball on 21 December 1891 at a Springfield, Massachusetts, YMCA Training School in response to a work assignment that required him to create a sport that could be played indoors during the winter (Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Inc.). Naismith's idea was to utilize athletic skill instead of strength like in American football or rugby. With thirteen rules, the basic object of Naismith's new sport was to put a ball in an opponent's basket. At the end of the game, the team with the most baskets wins. The first game of basketball was played with eighteen players (nine to a team) and used a football (soccer ball), and two peach baskets as the goals (Wolff 1991, p. 7-13). Women were involved in the game almost immediately, and Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts, was the site of the first collegiate women's basketball game in 1893. Although there have been some major changes to the game...
Improvements in sports equipment added another legal problem The more fully equipment protected athletes, the more willing they were to take serious risks on the playing field and to use the equipment itself as a weapon. The litigation arising from serious football injuries in the 1960s spurred the formation of a number of regulatory groups to oversee the design and use of protective sports equipment. In 1978, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) mandated that every football player in an NCAA game must wear a helmet that was certified to have met specific performance standards. In 1980, similar regulations were set for high school players.
Like football (soccer) many ancient societies had some sort of game that could be linked to the sport of baseball. Most historians believe baseball is based on the English stick and ball game of rounders. In the early 1800s the sport became very popular in America and it was known by numerous names including townball, base, or baseball. Many small towns formed teams, and baseball clubs were formed in larger cities. By 1845 Alexander Cartwright formalized the rules of baseball, and in 1846 he organized the first recorded baseball contest (between the Cartwright Knickerbockers and the New York Baseball Club) at Elysian Field in Hoboken, New Jersey (Bowman and Zoss 1986, p. 10-11). The basic idea of baseball is to hit a ball that is pitched by an opposing team's pitcher with a wooden bat and get around three field bases to make a run (score) without getting caught. After nine innings, the team with the most runs wins the game.