Eleventh - century Left: The foot soldier wears a short tunic, cross-gartered tights and leather shoes. A chain mail hood covers his iron skull-cap. Over his chest he wears a leather baldric, a diagonal sash for carrying a shield and knife; he holds a battle ax. Right: The crusader knight is wearing a
Soldier and Knight metal battle helmet, or spangenhelm, over a chain mail hood. He wears a soft under-tunic or pourpoint covered by his tunic of hardened leather tiles. His arms and legs are protected by fitted chain mail sleeves and leggings; his shoes are leather.
Left: Under her cloak, the woman wears a bliaud covered with an apron which is laced for fit. She wears cross-gartered, soft leather stockings. On her head is a headrail. Right: The man wears a short tunic over loose
•y Peasants drawers which are cross-gartered. His cloak is tied at the shoulder. On his head he wears a peaked cloth or phrygian helmet-shaped cap. His shoes are leather.
Twelfth-century Left: The Frankish prince wears a long, elaborately embroidered bliaud with extremely long sleeves, perhaps to keep his hands warm. His chainse is floor length. Tied at the shoulder, his mantle has an embroidered band at
Frankish Royalty the bottom. Right: The princess wears an outfit with finely embroidered trim. Circling her long bliaud is a double girdle of jeweled leather with silk ties.
Twelfth-century German Middle Class Couple
The man and woman each wear a bliaud with a long edged with embroidery, leather belt and soft leather shoes. The man's bliaud is
Twelfth-century Me Left: The commoner merchant wears a belted surcoat over a bliaud. His mantle fastens at the shoulder; a pouch hangs from his belt or girdle. On his head is a conical felt hat. Right: The woman wears a short-sleeved bliaud it and Noblewoman over a full-sleeved chemise, and a long mantle over all. The mantle and bliaud are edged with jeweled embroidery. Her head gear includes a conical hennin, or high headdress, over her headrail, or veil.
Twelfth-century Norman Noblewoman
This noblewoman wears a fitted gown which is laced in the angel sleeves. Her crown is layered between a the back. Her full skirt is gathered under an intricately shortened headrail and a long veil, embroidered girdle or belt with embroidery matching
Left: The hunter wears a short tunic with batwing or dolman sleeves. Bloused fabric at his waist covers a belt. He wears knitted stockings, low cut leather shoes, and a felt hat. A wicker arrow quiver hangs from his waist and
French Commoners he holds a long bow. Right: Carrying a shoulder scarf or stole, the townswoman wears a belted bliaud with dolman sleeves. Her headrail is wrapped like a turban.
Twelfth-century Headdresses a. Long plaits bound with ribbons with metal cylinders covering the ends. b. Phrygian or close fitting cloth cap. c. A peaked hat made of felt with castellated brim. d. Linen gorget, or collar, e. Folded wimple worn over chin strap cap. f. Wimple, g. Hood and cape. h. White linen toque with pie crust edging worn over chin-band. i. Jeweled velvet toque worn over gorget and chin-band.
j. Chin-band and toque of pleated linen, k. Toque worn over a chin strap cap with net caul covering hair. 1. Chin-band and head-band of ribbon, m. Turban with moire leaves, n. White linen cap and chin-band under a gold crown, o. Men's version of the wimple with banded wool cap.
Thirteenth -century Left: The crusader knight wears a chain mail hood under a steel helmet with a chain mail tunic, leggings, steel knee guards and shoes. Over the tunic he wears a surcoat with dagged edging. Right: The English noblewoman is
Knight and Lady wearing a white linen wimple and gorget with a jeweled circlet. Her diapered pattern bliaud covers a white chemise. Covering all is a full mantle with contrasting lining.
Thirteenth-century German Upper Class Couple Left: The maid wears a front laced, diapered surcoat Right: The man wears a hood with a liripipe under his over a heavily embroidered short-sleeved bliaud and cape and tunic. He wears wool tights and soft: leather, fur simple chemise. On her head is a jeweled circlet. The lack trimmed boots, of a headrail or wimple indicates that she is a maiden.
Thirteenth-century French Upper Class Couple Left: The man wears a surcoat or garde-corps with wears an ungirdled gown under her mantle. Both wear hanging sleeves over his bliaud. Right: The woman chin strap caps under their hats.
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