Knitting For Profit Ebook
Domestic hand knitting had been known for centuries as a convenient way of making shaped garments, especially smaller items such as hosiery and caps. Its precise origins are conjectural, though many believe otherwise. Historically, both men and women knitted, but it became a gen-trified and fashionable pastime primarily for women during the first half of the nineteenth century in Britain and America. The craft was promoted by the publication of countless knitting books and helped by a ready supply of fancy wool yarns from Germany, from which also developed the hugely popular tapestry work known as Berlin work. Domestic knitting of this period produced a wide variety of small household objects such as pincushions, purses, and doilies, as well as shawls, baby clothes, cuffs, caps, scarves, gloves, and numerous other items of clothing. Domestic knitting was undertaken for items used in the household but also given as gifts and for charity. Knitting for the troops in both world wars was a...
Addition to the Sunaire and the Speedaire, (both illustrated), there are many other smart models for men, women and children including the popular Shouldaire, men's and boys' Diving and Speed Suits, and Twosomes for men and women. You'll find the famous red Diving Girl emblem on every genuine Jantzen. Your weight is your size, w 'Jantzen Knitting Mills, Portland, Oregon Vancouver, Canada London, England Sydney, Australia. KNITTING MIUS. (0.J* KM). fWrtoxd. Or FUof twid M (lyf. Mdf m coJor 931 *cd*h.
Unlike knitting, crochet has never become fully mechanized. Hence, it has not been a popular form of construction for ready-to-wear clothing. Discrete crocheted edging sometimes appears on the work of fashion designers best known for their knitwear, such as Adolpho. Otherwise, crochet has been used to great effect as part of the armory of couture techniques. The British design team Body Map has employed it in tongue-in-cheek homage to its homemade essence. The Irish designer Lainey Keogh uses knitting and crochet to celebrate a sensuous femininity. Vivienne Westwood has absorbed crochet into her stable of elaborate embellishment techniques and used it with aplomb on her reworkings of historical costume. Jean Paul Gaultier has combined knitting and crochet in ways that celebrate and subvert traditional patterns. See also Knitting. BIBLIOGRAPHY
Wenzhou Success Group Naisite Knitting Co. Ltd Regardless of size, all factories are equipped with knitting, cutting, sewing, washing and ironing machines. Knitting machines are configured to create a specific design piece by piece. Woven varieties take more steps. The fabric is printed before it is cut into the correct size. The edges are then sewn. Trimmings are attached prior to packing.
Although production of ready-to-wear clothing began before sewing machines existed, an English clergyman had invented a hand-operated knitting frame near the end of the sixteenth century. Queen Elizabeth I refused to grant him a patent because she feared it would put English hand-knitters, using knitting needles and mostly working at home for contractors, out of work. But by the eighteenth century, England led the industrial revolution with a stream of inventions that eventually reduced prices of many goods and improved their quality so that ordinary people could afford them. By the later 1700s, English factories were turning out fabric on water- or steam-powered spinning and weaving equipment. Demand for inexpensive clothing gradually increased in England as lower-class people, some of them employed in the new factories, began to have a bit more money to spend, as well as a growing interest in fashionable clothing. London stores began to display appealing merchandise in lighted shop...
It was the development of the first knitting frame, by Reverend William Lee in Nottingham in 1589, that heralded an era of mechanical production that, along with Marc Isambard Brunel's circular-knitting machine (developed in 1816), was to transform the stocking from practical covering to erotic emblem. Lee's knitting frame took production out of the home, improved and standardized quality, and stimulated a demand for stockings that were an extension of the fashionable consumer's wardrobe.
While India prohibits the import of secondhand clothing, it does permit the import of woolen fibers, among which are mutilated hosiery, a trade term for wool garments shredded by machines in the West prior to export. These imported mutilated fabrics are sorted into color ranges, shredded, carded, and spun before they reappear as thread used for blankets, knitting yarn, and wool fabrics for local consumption and export. India also has a large domestic secondhand clothing market that is a product of shifts in wardrobes, dress changes over the course of a person's life cycle, and hand-me-downs to servants and relatives. This process gives rise to considerable domestic recycling of Indian clothing by barter, donations, and resale. Here, the materiality of cloth itself serves as a strategic resource for the unmaking and remaking of persons and identities.
The European invasion of the sixteenth century altered costume drastically, and introduced new materials such as sheep's wool and silk, as well as new ideas and forms. In less than a hundred years, Andean men adopted European breeches, hose, and felt hats. The Inca tapestry shirt became ritual costume used to claim royal descent, and specific meaning of patterns was lost. Portraits of Inca noblewomen show fuller, ground-length Inca-style dresses. Decorated belts define the waist, and highly patterned shawls cover the shoulders. Common people of the Andes continued to use much of the basic costume but added pants for men and hats in the new European technique of knitting.
Cole of California was founded by Fred Cole, a former actor at Universal Studios. Cole's family wanted him to join their underwear manufacturing operation, West Coast Knitting Mills however, Cole found underwear design uninspiring and decided to produce swimwear instead. Cole's attitude toward swimwear design was not typical for the time. While most swim-wear designers of the 1920s and 1930s were concerned with designing functional swimwear, Cole was interested in designing fashionable swim-wear.
Catalina, a leading swimwear and active-wear company, originated as a manufacturer of underwear and sweaters under the name of Bentz Knitting Mills. As the company grew, it underwent several name changes. From Bentz Knitting Mills, the company became Pacific Knitting Mills in 1912 after that, they became Catalina Knitting Mills in 1928 and finally Catalina in 1955. Catalina launched its first wool knitted swimwear collection in 1912. The company employed Annette Kellerman, an Australian swim star, as a spokesperson to launch their functional, comfortable one-piece suit. Throughout the 1920s, as swimming and sun tanning became popular pastimes and bathing-beauty contests began to be held on the boardwalk, Catalina expanded their swimwear production, always keeping in mind fashion plus function.
See also Embroidery Knitting Seamstresses. BIBLIOGRAPHY in the Works of Jane Austen. Bath City Council, n.d. MacDonald, Anne. No Idle Hands The Social History of American Knitting. New York Ballantine Books, 1990. Parker, Rosika. The Subversive Stitch Embroidery and the Making of the Feminine. London The Women's Press, 1984. Rutt, Richard. A History of Hand Knitting. London B. T. Bats-
Ing as interworking a set of elements by crossing, interlacing, interlinking, twining, intertwining (p. 146). On the other hand, Irene Emery in The Primary Structure of Fabrics sees braiding only as oblique interlacing (p. 68). This leaves a problem of classifying such braid techniques as card weaving, making inkles, cords, knotting, knitting, or lucet work. All these techniques as well as structures made using stand and bobbin equipment, free-end braiding, ply-split, and loop manipulated pieces are part of the costume world, though only some would be defined strictly as braids. See also Homespun Knitting Knotting Loom Weaving. BIBLIOGRAPHY
We have seen how important choice of color is to the outcome of a project. Fabric has a similar impact and needs to be as carefully considered. Unit 6 (pages 40-43) discussed how a fabric embellishment idea can be the focus for a design this unit will look at how the structuring of fabric can drive garment construction, whether through methods such as pleating, draping, or binding, or through the creation of entirely new fabric structures using techniques such as crochet, knitting, or appliqu . As you gain experience, you will see how fabrics have particular properties and behave in very different ways. You need to learn to harness the inherent properties of fabrics, whether you are working with clinging jersey, chunky knits, or highperformance sportswear. As your confidence grows, you will want to control the effect of fabric from the earliest stages of the design process. Then, rather than relying on store-purchased textiles to fit your theme, you will be able to manipulate fabric...
Hand embroidery does not rely on complicated equipment and techniques. It is a process in which the simplest of materials can suffice to enable you to create beautiful artwork. In recent years, there has been a return to the popularity of hand-created craft styles, such as sewing, knitting and crochet, In a world that is now dominated by computers and digital technology, many people find these straightforward old-fashioned activities enjoyable.
Clothing for women and children, and some simple items for men such as shirts, were made in many homes across the social spectrum in modern times for private consumption. This has been concurrent with clothing made at home in poorer homes for wages in a regular or irregular way as self-employment or outwork. Both practices have existed alongside the increasing consumption of factory ready-mades, a situation that prevails in the early 2000s, although unwaged home dressmaking has substantially declined. Not all domestic production has been prompted by thrift or economic necessity women have also sewn clothes for pleasure and as a creative act and in this same period skill with the needle has been prized for its association with leisure and femininity. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the domestic production of clothes also embraced the efforts of literate, middle-class women to teach their peers to make clothes for the deserving poor or to teach poor women to sew for...
Basque berets are usually made during winter months and involve ten steps knitting, sewing, felting, blocking, drying, checking, brushing, shaving, confection or finishing, and delivery. In 1996, a beret museum opened in the village of Nay, sponsored by the manufacturer Blancq-Olibet, which provides public educational tours on Basque beret manufacture.
The stocking was not always considered a sexual symbol. The earliest known example of a knitted sock, flat-cut and seamed at the back, was found in Egypt, where both knitting and weaving are thought to have originated. There is some debate as to whether hand-knitting was introduced to Europe by Christian missionaries, sea traders, or Arabs who, after conquering Egypt in 641 C.E., made their way to Spain. What is known is that it was widely established throughout Europe as a domestic skill by the thirteenth century. The majority of stockings were made from wool, although silk was commonplace for the aristocratic and landed gentry, and were viewed as a covering for the legs that was particularly practical for the climate.
Crochet in Europe seems to have developed independently in two quite different milieus. As with knitting, this technique was used to create insulating woolen clothing for use in inclement climates such as Scandinavia and Scotland, where an early-nineteenth-century version of crochet, known as shepherd's knitting, worked with homemade hooks improvised from spoons or bones. Through wear or design, these items became felted, offering further protection against the elements. Simultaneously, in the more leisured climate of the female drawing room, another form of the craft was developing out of a far older type of needlework called tambouring. Apparently originating in India, Turkey, and Persia, tambouring was executed with a very fine hooked needle inserted into fabric stretched over a frame. The transitional step was to discard the fabric and execute the looped chain stitch in the air as it was termed in France. By the middle of the nineteenth century, patterns for Tunisian crochet began...
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