Further Information

London Chappell, Mike. Scottish Units in the World Brassey's, 1998. Wars. London Osprey, 1994. Cormack, Andrew. British Air Forces. Vols. 1 and Davis, Brian. British Army Uniforms and 2, 1914 18. Oxford Osprey Military, 2001. Insignia of World War Two. London Arms and Armour Press, 1992. Gavin, Lettie. American Women in World-War I. Niwot, Colo. Colorado University Press, 1983. Mollo, Andrew. Armed Forces of World War II. London Orbis, 1981. Sumner, Ian. The Indian...

Military Uniforms

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Glossary

Anklet a covering for the ankle, buckled or buttoned at the side Anorak a pullover hooded jacket long enough to cover the hips Balaclava helmet knitted, close-fitting hood with a hole for the face, like a ski mask Battle dress uniform for combat use Bayonet a knife that can be attached to a rifle Beret a visorless, usually woolen, cap with a tight headband and a soft, full, flat top Blouson short jacket, usually waist-length, often gathered Breastplate piece of armor covering the chest Bush hat...

World War Axis Forces

German Paratroopers Winter Uniforms

Both Germany and Italy took pride in their stylish uniforms, but as warfare became more sophisticated and varied, there arose a corresponding need for innovations in clothing and equipment. Under the Treaty of Versailles, which brought an end to World War I, Germany had to get rid of most of her armed forces. Then, in March 1935, Hitler announced that he was reintroducing conscription. His new army needed to be equipped and clothed, and, unlike its Allied counterparts, its uniforms were to be...

World War II Allied Forces

World War Uniform

Military weapons, tactics, and uniforms a tend to develop rapidly during periods of conflict and to remain fairly stable during times of peace. This was certainly true of the period between the two world wars. When World War II began in Europe in 1939, the uniforms and equipment worn and carried by the soldiers were, in many cases, not much different from those their fathers had worn in 1918. This 1 940s' British infantryman right wears special snow clothing a piece of early camouflage. The...

Timeline

1914 The Great War World War I begins. 1916 First use of the tank by Great Britain. 1915 First use of poison gas by Germany 1917 U.S. enters the Great War the Women's first gas masks. Auxiliary Army Corps is founded in Britain steel helmets introduced by many countries first use of camouflage painting on helmets by Germany. 1927 First military parachute unit formed by Italy. 1929 First use of camouflage cloth for tents by Italy. 1930 First camouflage cloth for clothing a poncho by Germany. 1935...