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Blanks, Tim. "Beauty and the Beast." New York Times Magazine, 23 February 2003. DeLano, Sharon. "Dead Girls." New Yorker, 3 September 2001, 58.

Farber, Stephen. "The Bloody Movies, Why Film Violence

Sells." New Yorker, 29 November 1976, 39-45. Hall-Duncan, Nancy. The History of Fashion Photography. New

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Nancy Hall-Duncan

BOUTIQUE Synonymous with the youth movement and counterculture fashions of the "Swinging Sixties," the boutique radically changed ways of making, marketing, displaying, and buying clothing. Names and places such as Mary Quant, Biba, Paraphernalia, the King's Road, and Carnaby Street evoke the spirit of freedom, individuality, and rebellion that characterized the social upheaval of that decade, and defined a style of dressing. As a retailing concept, the boutique is associated with a distinct identity that reflects the taste of the designer or owner; small-scale production with rapid turnover of merchandise; fashion novelty and experimentation; innovative displays and interiors; and an informality among owner, salespeople, and clientele. Although the boutique phenomenon of the 1960s played itself out by the mid-1970s, boutiques remain a vital part of the commercial world of fashion— whether as an individual enterprise or incorporated into a larger setting, such as a department store.

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