Bibliography

Chrisman, Kimberly. "Rose Bertin in London?" Costume 32 (1999): 45-51.

Langlade, Emile. La marchande de modes de Marie-Antoinette: Rose Bertin. Paris: Albin Michel, 1911. Entertaining but unreliable biography.

-. Rose Bertin: The Creator of Fashion at the Court of Marie-

Antoinette. Translated by Dr. Angelo S. Rappoport. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1913. An English-language biography adapted from the French version.

Nouvion, Pierre de, and Emile Liez. Un Ministre des modes sous Louis XVI: Mademoiselle Bertin, marchande de modes de la reine, 1747-1813. Paris: Henri Leclerc, 1911. Contains detailed information about Bertin's family history.

Sapori, Michelle. Rose Bertin: Ministre des modes de Marie-Antoinette. Paris: Regard/Institut Fran├žais de la Mode, 2004. Illustrated monograph incorporating recent research on Bertin's career, competitors, and clients.

Kimberly Chrisman-Campbell

BEST-DRESSED LISTS Since their inception in the first half of the twentieth century, best-dressed lists have become a popular barometer of international style. By publishing best-dressed lists in the mainstream media, fashion editors and style arbiters have established a steady market for information about the wardrobes, grooming, and comportment of smartly dressed men and women.

Perhaps the most eminent best-dressed list was the "International Best-Dressed Poll," the brainchild of Eleanor Lambert (1903-2003), a New York City publicist considered the doyenne of fashion publicity. Lambert first penned the list in 1940 as a press release for the New York Dress Institute, a trade organization she helped establish to stimulate dress sales during World War II. Lambert claimed that her list was patterned after an anonymous poll of the world's ten best-dressed women issued by the Paris couture starting in the 1920s.

Lambert's annual list became a widely heralded tally of the world's most beautifully dressed people, derided as frivolous, yet eagerly anticipated. She coordinated the poll by canvassing a coterie of fashion insiders to nominate the contenders, and then revealed the winners in a press release to the media. Lambert elevated repeat winners to her own fashion Hall of Fame. Finally, at nearly 100 years old, she stopped coordinating her celebrated list in 2002.

Another important best-dressed list has been the domain of Richard Blackwell. In 1958, Blackwell established

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