Bibliography

Doan Thi Tinh. Tim Hieu Trang Phuc Viet Nam. Hanoi, Vietnam: Nha Xuat Ban Ha Noi, 1987. Leshkowich, Ann Marie. "The Ao Dai Goes Global: How International Influences and Female Entrepreneurs Have Shaped Vietnam's 'National Costume.'" In Re-Orienting Fashion: The Globalization of Asian Dress. Edited by Sandra Niessen, Ann Marie Leshkowich, and Carla Jones. Oxford and New York: Berg, 2003. Ngo Duc Thinh. Trang Phuc Co Truyen Cac Dan Toc Viet Nam.

Hanoi, Vietnam: Van Hoa Dan Toc, 1994. Nguyen Ngac, and Nguyen Van Luan. Un siècle d'histoire de la robe des Vietnamiennes. Saigon, Vietnam: Direction des Affaires Culturelles, 1974. Nguyen Thi Duc. Van Hoa Trang Phuc tu Truyen Thong den Hien Dai. Hanoi, Vietnam: Nha Xuat Ban Van Hoa Thong Tin, 1998.

Nguyen Van Ky. La société Vietnamienne face à la modernité. Paris:

L'Harmattan, 1995. Nhi T. Lieu "Remembering the Nation Through Pageantry: Femininity and the Politics of Vietnamese Womanhood in the Hoa Hau Ao Dai Contest." Frontiers 21, no. 1/2 (2000): 127-151.

Ann Marie Leshkowich

APPEARANCE The term "appearance" is commonly used in relation to the observable characteristics of a wide range of things in the environment such as human beings, plants and animals, geographical and atmospheric conditions, and buildings, to name only a few. However, this entry will be limited to a discussion of appearance in relation to the human body along with things placed on or about it in functioning as stimuli for communication.

Human beings have the capability of communicating in many different ways, often simultaneously. Ap pearance, because of visual characteristics and the versatility with which they can be structured to send various messages, is used frequently as a type of nonverbal communication as the primary focus of attention or in conjunction with other forms of communication.

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