Textures And Detail Work

The representation of textures comes under the general classification of detail work. It requires great accuracy to be a detail artist. Many artists devote their whole time to this type of work.

To draw the human figure correctly, and to be able to group figures, should be the aim of all students of fashion drawing; but they should be competent to do detail work as well. When filling an order in all its parts, the artist needs to be lamiliar with textures. He must be able to make the drawing for a silk dress convey the impression of silk, etc.

The student of this lesson needs first to be able to render good ink lines. Then study textures carefully from catalogues, and from the goods themselves. Consult the lists of materials given at the end of the lesson. If you are not conversant with them all, examine them in the stores or obtain samples.

To form a texture, the lines of the drawing must take the form of the weave, and the whole mass of lines must follow the form on which the texture is placed. Review Lesson VIII, as you must have a good foundation on which to place the lines. For example, when drawing a basket, the 'mes take the shape of the straw, and also of the basket, the imagination does the rest. The same kind of lines might be used for a worsted sweater, and if placed on a nicely drawn sweater, we recognize the material.

Be careful of the outline and have a good foundation of stripes or plaids on which to place the texture, unless the texture has no noticeable direction of line.

Study the eight examples given of flat pieces of materials. Fig. 1 is chinchilla, 2 and 3 are crochet or knitted worsted, 4 is corduroy; a flat piece would not be shaded but on the figure the shading helps the form, Fig. 5 is outing flannel or cotton goods, 6 is rough cloth; if very rough, allow the rough edges to form the edge of the garment. Fig. 7 is moire silk, 8 is dimity or swiss; use fine lines for thin goods, very fine lines for chiffon. Fig. 9 is lace, 10 is embroidery; work out the pattern carefully, placing a shadow under each design.

Criss-cross the mesh in either squares or diamonds. Do not make the mesh round.

Much detail work is worked out in white water-color paint, used thick from a jar. This is applied with a fine sable hair brush. All wash drawings have the lace and embroidery worked out this way, a flat tone of gray paint being first applied as a background for the lace. Always allow this to dry before applying the white paint.

Fig. 11 represents black silk. Draw the outline of all parts to be inked in, lea-ring high lights on top of XX. The solid ink parts fit into each other in a son of lighting effect.

Fig. 14 is part of a light silk skirt, Fig, 13 is dark silk; another kind of stroke which gives a very pretty silk effect. Fig. 12 is a loose sketchy way of placing net all Gver a skirt, the lines of the net being more apparent in the shadow s. For white lace, rendered in white paint, this order is reversed. For catalogues this would not be accurate enough, as the customer has only the picture to order from.

Study carefully the pen lines of artists, and try to reproduce the same kind of lines. If you do not succeed in this, take a sheet of tracing paper and trace their lines with pen and ink. Make a line clean cut as instructed in Lesson XIX.

LIST OF COSTUME MATERIALS

Silk. Brocade bengaline, chiffon, chiffon taffeta, China silk, charmeuse, crêpe de Chine, crêpe mêteor, crêpe duchesse meteor, crêpe chiffon, Dresden silk, Dresden chiffon, faille, foulard, georgette crêpe, gros de Londres, grosgrain, imperial dress satin, Japanese silk, Japanese habutai, khaki, mall, moire, mousseline, marquisette, grenadine, military striped silk, Melba silk, moire velour, ottoman, pussy twill, pongee, punjab, pompadour striped silk, satin majestic, silk poplin. Shantung, taffeta, tussah silk, velour, velvet.

Cotton. Batiste, cordeline, chambray, corduroy, crash, crêpe, cretonne, Can ton flannel, Cossack linen. Dresden voile, Devonshire cloth, English flannel, flaxon, galatea, honey-comb cloth, khaki, lawn, linen, linene, madras, needle cloth, nainsook, organdie, outing flannel, piqué, percale, popl'n, repp, ramie linen, Russian cord, sateen, seersucker, voile, velveteen, Venetian linen.

Wool. Albatross, alpaca, beige, broadcloth, prunella, Bolivia cloth, cashmere, camel hair cheviot, chinchilla, chiffon cloth, duvetyn, iersey cloth, flannel, Henrietta cloth, mohair, melton, nun's veiling, Palin Beach cloth, poplin, Rugby cloth, Russian cord, serge, stockinette tweed, terry cloth, tartan serge, voile, voile de soie, velour de laine.

Lace. Cluny, Chantilly, craquela, duchess, filet, gold lame tissue, gold brocade, Irish point, metal lace net, point d'esprit, radium lace, shadow lace, Valenciennes, point de Venise, rose point, point d'Alen-çon, Brussels point d'Argentan, .Angleterre, Limerick.

100 Fashion Tips

100 Fashion Tips

One of the most important things you need to take note of about becoming fashionable is to get fitter. Therefore, if you are carrying some extra pounds, then you should lose some of it soon. You can do it through dieting, working out, or a good combination of both. Find more fashion tips like this one within this guide.

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