Survive Polar Vortex
Finally, depending upon circumstance, season and pocket, a woollen gown might cover the whole ensemble. A common soldier would rarely have one as long and well-fitting as this splendid example. Shorter gowns of many styles were popular cold weather wear for soldier and civilian alike but one can imagine that any soldier 'finding' an elegant gown like this, unsuited to the workaday world, would be templed to sell it on to those with the money and leisure to enjoy it. (Photos John Howe)
Ganaches and gardcorps were very similar. Both garments were pulled over the head and hung down past the waist, perhaps as far as the knees. The sleeves of the ganache were formed from extended fabric at the shoulders they were open at the underarm and the sleeves were generally no longer than the elbow. The gardcorps had separately attached sleeves and thus was better for cold weather. Both garments could have a hood that attached at the back of the neck that was draped over the back when not in use.
(Above) A crossbowman of the contingent from the canton of Uri wears its black and yellow livery. He is the son of a prosperous craftsman, and his father has equipped him generously with a good quality German helmet and breastplate worn over a mail shirt. His bow is a modern type with a flat steel stave although liable to become brittle and break in extremely cold weather it is immensely powerful. (Left) He spans his bow with a cranequin - an efficient piece of engineering which is faster to operate than the older windlass and handy enough to be used on horseback. It works on the same principle as a modern car jack. The retaining loop is engaged over two pegs sticking out from the sides of the butt stock, and the hooks over the string. Winding the handle draws the
Many people have recognized and used the insulating quality of down. Even before the arrival of explorer Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) in the New World in 1492, Native Americans were known to use a mixture of wool and down to make warm blankets, and down and feathers were used for centuries to make warm, soft mattresses. The first manufactured down garment was made by Seattle, Washington, outdoorsman Eddie Bauer (1899-1986) in 1936. After he almost died on a winter fishing expedition, Bauer designed and marketed the Skyliner, a down-insulated jacket. The jacket was so effective in combating cold weather that Bauer made flight jackets and other down clothing for the military during World War II (1939-45). the public imagination. Skiers such as 1968 American Olympic bronze medallist Suzy Chaffee (1946-) had glamour and flamboyance, and they wore brightly colored down vests and jackets. These soon became widely popular, especially the vests, which were a very practical design for...
Tibet, the northernmost of the South Asian countries, occupies the northern slopes of the Himalayas and the high Tibetan plateau. Historically, Tibet has been largely isolated from foreign influences, but traded with China (as well as with India, via trans-Himalayan caravan routes). Consequently, numerous aspects of Chinese culture are visible through the silk weaves, images, symbols, and some basic garment forms throughout much of Tibet's textiles and dress. Generally Tibetan people wear long, side-closing robes called phyu-pa for the sleeveless type and chupa for the long-sleeved robes, long sleeveless vests, jackets, sashes, aprons, and hats, with long fleece coats and high boots in cold weather. Types and qualities of materials were dictated by (and proclaimed) the wearer's status in Tibet's once highly stratified society. Garments are made of brocaded silk, wool, cotton and fleeced-lined hide.
One model, Louise Despointes, was said to have been kept waiting in a freezing studio, then wrapped in plastic and lowered into a bathtub of extremely cold water on which black enamel paint had been floated. She emerged from the tub enameled in black paint, uncomfortable and unable to work for days. Bourdin even reputedly placed models in life-threatening positions and delighted in the idea of their deaths. In another famous story, Bourdin initially smeared the faces of Despointes and another model with a thin layer of glue as a way to stick dozens of pearls to their faces. When he decided to cover their entire bodies with pearls, they passed out because they were not getting enough oxygen to their skin and could not breathe, and the editor stopped the shoot, thinking the models would die. Bourdin was reputed to have said, Oh, it would be beautiful to have them dead in bed (Hayden-Guest, p. 136).
However, natural rubber as is, is not really appropriate for shoes. In hot and sticky weather it melts in cold weather it becomes brittle and hard. In 1839, Charles Goodyear from the United States serendipitously created the modern form of rubber used for sneakers when he was trying to come up with a waterproof mailbag material for the U.S. government. Goodyear's recipe, later named vulcanization was discovered when he accidentally dropped a mixture of rubber, lead, and sulfur onto a hot stove. His accident resulted in a substance that was not affected by the weather, and would snap back to its original shape when stretched (Goodyear 2003). The same type of rubber was reinvented and patented in England (1843), by a rubber pioneer named Thomas Hancock, who analyzed and copied samples from Goodyear. A friend of Hancock's coined the term vulcanization after Vulcan, the Roman god of fire (Goodyear 2003).
Clothing, costume, and dress indicate what people wear, along with related words like apparel, attire, accessories garments, garb, outfits, and ensembles. Many writers have tried to figure out why and when human beings began to decorate and cover their bodies the reasons go beyond obvious considerations of temperature and climate, because some people dress skimpily in cold weather and others wear heavy garments in hot weather. Common reasons given are for protection, modesty, decoration, and display. One can only conjecture or speculate about origins, however, because no records exist detailing why early humans chose to dress their bodies.
Zip-front jackets, vests, and other clothing items made from polar fleece, a trademarked synthetic, or man-made, fabric with a soft pile, emerged as tremendously popular cold-weather apparel for men, women, and children in the late 1990s and into the twenty-first century. The fad for polar fleece and related fabrics reflected widespread interest in outdoor adventure sports and the rugged lifestyle.
Mongolia, in contrast, retains a vigorous national culture, both in the independent Republic of Mongolia and in the ethnically Mongol region of the Chinese Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region. The national dress of Mongolia for both sexes, called the deel, is a wrapped robe, preferably of colorfully patterned silk (imported from China), closed with a long sash at the waist, worn over trousers for riding, and sometimes worn with a silk sleeveless vest. For cold-weather wear the deel is padded with cotton or silk floss and sometimes lined with fur. In all seasons it is worn with heavy leather boots. Mongol women traditionally wore extremely elaborate headdresses set with silver ornaments, in styles that were identified with particular tribes and clans. Men, too, wore hats distinctive of clan affiliation, and the hat played a singular role as the repository of male honor to knock off or even to touch a man's hat without permission was to invite violent retaliation.
I have a hot tip for all you ladies who like to plan ahead for your winter wardrobe. I got a sneak peek at the winter fashions from Rampage, and they heat up the cold weather. Sexy Bohemian meets Aspen chic From luxe beading to sequins and rhinestones, it's all about embellishment. Layer on your best sunglasses, a great jacket, your fave pair of sexy boots and show off your glamorous self.