collar and cuff ruffles were referred to as a "suit of ruffs." The man wears a deep-red velvet chamarre. His puffed sleeves are decorated with pearl-studded gold bands. The gown is lined with black fur, which shows at the collar and the tail of the garment. His hose, shirt, and ruff, and the feather in his red-velvet cap, are white. His slashed shoe uppers also are of red velvet.
Here are some terms for specific garments worn during the Renaissance that may be unfamiliar to modern readers:
Attifet: a heart-shaped woman's headdress of the 16th century with the front brim fitted closely to the wearer's mid-forehead.
Caul: an open mesh cap, often jeweled, to hold the hair in place (worn chiefly by women). It often was worn in conjunction with other headpieces or hats.
Chopine: a built-up platform shoe, designed to keep the wearer out of the mud or dirt of the streets. In Venice the chopine reached heights of 2]A feet; the wearer had to lean on a servant to avoid tipping over or tripping.
Dogging: a late medieval-Renaissance decoration of a garment by appliqueing petal-shaped pieces of material to the edges or (later) by cutting the edges into jagged shapes. The style that featured square indentations at the edges was called castellated.
Doublet: a vest-like or jacket-like garment worn in various lengths; it might have only short tabs at the waist, or knee-length skirts. During the Renaissance it often was slashed and padded. The doublet also was called jupe, jupon, gipon, paltok, gambeson, and pourpoint.
Farthingale: the first hooped-framework underskirt, which would reappear in women's fashions from time to time. The earliest, the Spanish farthingale of about 1470, remained popular through Elizabethan times.
Ferroniere: a fine chain or a band, with a jewel set in the center, that was wound around a woman's forehead (especially popular in Italy).
Fitchet: a vertical slit in a woman's skirt or in a man's garment through which a hand could reach a purse hung from the waist, beneath the gown.
Girdle: what we would call a sash or a belt.
Gown: during the Renaissance the gown was the rich outer garment for both sexes. The male version also was called a chamarre. Today we probably would call the man's gown a coat.
Houppelande: a full-skirted outer garment, usually full length, worn by both men and women in the 14th century and then by women only (except in England, where Richard II introduced a variety) until it went out of fashion about 1450.
Parti-color: Men's tights and hose could have each leg a different color, or one leg of two or more colors, etc. Parti-coloring sometimes was used in doublets, tunics, and sleeves.
Patten: a thick sole of wood, attached to a shoe by leather straps, to keep the foot above the mud and dirt of the streets.
Points: laces with metal tips, used to tie various parts of the costume together to form a whole. The metal tips sometimes were callcd aiglets. Points of ribbon could be used as a decorative element.
Poulaine: a soft shoe with a long, pointed toe, that was popular during the late medieval period and early Renaissance.
Slashing: a form of decoration by cutting slits in a garment to allow the undergarment or lining to show, or even to be pulled through in puffs. By 1520 no item of fashionable clothing in Europe was immune to slashing.
Trunk-hose: baggy and usually slashed and padded short breeches, worn over the leg hose, which became popular during the mid-1500s and continued to be fashionable through the next century. Trunk-hose also were called "upper stocks."
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