Opposite Plate 5 Underwear and Basic Civilian Costume

15th Century Clothing Men

To understand how costume works we must know what was worn under it, and the social customs connected with wearing it. The basic undergarments of civilian and soldier alike were the same until the first issue of military underwear in the 19th century. They consisted of underpants braies , stockings chausses and a shirt Latin camisia, Norman chemise, Anglo-Saxon smock . At first braies were an important garment, almost like trousers, tucked into stockinglike hose. By the 14th century the hose...

The Duke of Burgundys Archer Bodyguard

Duchess York Prince Wales Plume

At this time it was fashionable to have bodyguards of archers, both for protection and display. The Burgundian dukes lavished gifts on their bodyguard archers -not entirely unselfishly. The 40 archiers de corps under their two captains waited ready and mounted to accompany him whenever he moved quarters they surrounded their master wherever he went, day and night, and stood between him and the assassin's knife. They were to practice with their bows whenever possible, and the ducal artillery...